Mr Michael Howard


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My PhD research focuses on the complex interface between Intellectual Property law and Competition law, specifically in the digital sector. This represents a growing area of legal research as increasing amounts are now spent on purely digital goods. Many of these are sold through online stores which are often tied to devices (and vice versa). My research aims to study if enough is being done by Competition authorities to address any potential anti-competitive conduct amongst IP rightsholders. 

I hope to look at both online storefront and device storefronts and analyse if there needs to be a new essential facilities doctrine to allow fair access for individuals and companies to ensure that consumers get fair treatment online.

Contact Info

My email address is

Teaching and Supervision

SXL-2136/3136 Intellectual Property Law 2018/19 - Trade Mark Law

SXL-2136/3136 Intellectual Property Law 2019/20

I have also given guest lectures in postgraduate modules in Intellectual Property Law and Competition Law focusing on my research on IP/Competition Law in the Digital Economy.

I completed the first stage of the PGCertHE in Autumn 2019 and became an Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Education / academic qualifications

  • 2017 - LLM Laws (2016 - 2017)
  • 2015 - LLB Law (2013 - 2015)
  • 2012 - BA (2007 - 2012)

Research outputs (3)

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