Fersiynau electronig


Dangosydd eitem ddigidol (DOI)

  • Georgia Faherty
    London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
  • Lorraine Williams
    Policy Innovation and Evaluation Research Unit (PIRU)Department of Health Services Research and PolicyLondon School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
  • Jane Noyes
  • Leah Mc Laughlin
    Bangor University
  • Jennifer Bostock
    London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
  • Nicholas Mays
    London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
Preceded by a national media campaign, in May 2020, England switched to a soft opt-out system of organ donation which rests on the assumption that individuals meeting specific criteria have consented to organ donation unless they have expressed otherwise. We aimed to learn more about how the changes were communicated, how people responded and any discrepancies between key messages and how they were interpreted by the public. Summative content analysis of 286 stories and related reader-generated comments in leading UK online news sources (April 2019 to May 2021). Further detailed thematic analysis of 21 articles with reader-generated content, complemented by thematic content analysis coding of all 286 stories. Most media coverage on both organ donation and the law change was positive, with little variation over time or between publications. The importance of organ donation, benefits of the law change, and emotive stories (often involving children) of those who had donated an organ described as "superheroes" or those who had received organs as benefiting from a "miracle" were frequently cited. In contrast, reader-generated comments were markedly more negative, for example, focusing on loss of individual freedom and lack of trust in the organ donation system. Commentators wished to be able to choose who their organs were donated to, were dismissive and blaming towards minority ethnic groups, including undermining legitimate worries about the compatibility of organ donation with religious beliefs and end of life cultural norms, understanding and acceptance of brain-stem death and systemic racism. Misinformation including use of inflammatory language was common. The portrayal of donors and recipients as extraordinary is unlikely to help to normalise organ donation. Undermining legitimate concerns, in particular those from ethnic minorities, can alienate and encourage harmful misinformation in underrepresented groups. The discrepancies between the tone of the articles and the readers comments suggests a lack of trust across the public, health, policy and media outlets. Easily accessible, ongoing and tailored sources are needed to mitigate misinformation and disinformation and ensure key messages are better understood and accepted in order to realise the ambitions of soft opt-out organ donation policies. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2022 Faherty, Williams, Noyes, Mc Laughlin, Bostock and Mays.]


Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)1067635
CyfnodolynFrontiers in Public Health
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar1 Rhag 2022
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 2022

Cyfanswm lawlrlwytho

Nid oes data ar gael
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