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Behavioral interference or facilitation does not distinguish between competitive and noncompetitive accounts of lexical selection in word production. / Oppenheim, Gary; Nozari, Nazbanou.

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society . Cyfrol 43 2021.

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Oppenheim, G & Nozari, N 2021, Behavioral interference or facilitation does not distinguish between competitive and noncompetitive accounts of lexical selection in word production. yn Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society . cyfrol. 43, 43rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 27/07/21. <https://escholarship.org/uc/item/48z6c6gk>

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TY - GEN

T1 - Behavioral interference or facilitation does not distinguish between competitive and noncompetitive accounts of lexical selection in word production.

AU - Oppenheim, Gary

AU - Nozari, Nazbanou

N1 - Open Access statement This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author .

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - One of the major debates in the field of word production is whether lexical selection is competitive or not. For nearly half a century, semantic interference effects in picture naming latencies have been claimed as evidence for competitive (relative threshold) models of lexical selection, while semantic facilitation effects have been claimed as evidence for non-competitive (simple threshold) models instead. In this paper, we use a computational modeling approach to compare the consequences of competitive and noncompetitive selection algorithms for blocked cyclic picture naming latencies, combined with two approaches to representing taxonomic and thematic semantic features. We show that although our simple model can capture both semantic interference and facilitation, the presence or absence of competition in the selection mechanism is unrelated to the polarity of these semantic effects. These results question the validity of prior assumptions and offer new perspectives on the origins of interference and facilitation in language production.

AB - One of the major debates in the field of word production is whether lexical selection is competitive or not. For nearly half a century, semantic interference effects in picture naming latencies have been claimed as evidence for competitive (relative threshold) models of lexical selection, while semantic facilitation effects have been claimed as evidence for non-competitive (simple threshold) models instead. In this paper, we use a computational modeling approach to compare the consequences of competitive and noncompetitive selection algorithms for blocked cyclic picture naming latencies, combined with two approaches to representing taxonomic and thematic semantic features. We show that although our simple model can capture both semantic interference and facilitation, the presence or absence of competition in the selection mechanism is unrelated to the polarity of these semantic effects. These results question the validity of prior assumptions and offer new perspectives on the origins of interference and facilitation in language production.

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 43

BT - Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society

T2 - 43rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society

Y2 - 27 July 2021 through 29 July 2021

ER -