StandardStandard

Delimiting species of Protaphorura (Collembola: Onychiuridae): integrative evidence based on morphology, DNA sequences and geography. / Sun, X; Zhang, F; Davies, T. W.; Li, Y; Wu, D.

Yn: Scientific Reports, Cyfrol 7, 8261, 01.12.2017.

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

HarvardHarvard

APA

CBE

MLA

VancouverVancouver

Author

Sun, X ; Zhang, F ; Davies, T. W. ; Li, Y ; Wu, D. / Delimiting species of Protaphorura (Collembola: Onychiuridae): integrative evidence based on morphology, DNA sequences and geography. Yn: Scientific Reports. 2017 ; Cyfrol 7.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Delimiting species of Protaphorura (Collembola: Onychiuridae): integrative evidence based on morphology, DNA sequences and geography

AU - Sun, X

AU - Zhang, F

AU - Davies, T. W.

AU - Li, Y

AU - Wu, D

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - © 2017 The Author(s). Species delimitation remains a significant challenge when the diagnostic morphological characters are limited. Integrative taxonomy was applied to the genus Protaphorura (Collembola: Onychiuridae), which is one of most difficult soil animals to distinguish taxonomically. Three delimitation approaches (morphology, molecular markers and geography) were applied providing rigorous species validation criteria with an acceptably low error rate. Multiple molecular approaches, including distance-and evolutionary model-based methods, were used to determine species boundaries based on 144 standard barcode sequences. Twenty-two molecular putative species were consistently recovered across molecular and geographical analyses. Geographic criteria were was proved to be an efficient delimitation method for onychiurids. Further morphological examination, based on the combination of the number of pseudocelli, parapseudocelli and ventral mesothoracic chaetae, confirmed 18 taxa of 22 molecular units, with six of them described as new species. These characters were found to be of high taxonomical value. This study highlights the potential benefits of integrative taxonomy, particularly simultaneous use of molecular/geographical tools, as a powerful way of ascertaining the true diversity of the Onychiuridae. Our study also highlights that discovering new morphological characters remains central to achieving a full understanding of collembolan taxonomy.

AB - © 2017 The Author(s). Species delimitation remains a significant challenge when the diagnostic morphological characters are limited. Integrative taxonomy was applied to the genus Protaphorura (Collembola: Onychiuridae), which is one of most difficult soil animals to distinguish taxonomically. Three delimitation approaches (morphology, molecular markers and geography) were applied providing rigorous species validation criteria with an acceptably low error rate. Multiple molecular approaches, including distance-and evolutionary model-based methods, were used to determine species boundaries based on 144 standard barcode sequences. Twenty-two molecular putative species were consistently recovered across molecular and geographical analyses. Geographic criteria were was proved to be an efficient delimitation method for onychiurids. Further morphological examination, based on the combination of the number of pseudocelli, parapseudocelli and ventral mesothoracic chaetae, confirmed 18 taxa of 22 molecular units, with six of them described as new species. These characters were found to be of high taxonomical value. This study highlights the potential benefits of integrative taxonomy, particularly simultaneous use of molecular/geographical tools, as a powerful way of ascertaining the true diversity of the Onychiuridae. Our study also highlights that discovering new morphological characters remains central to achieving a full understanding of collembolan taxonomy.

UR - https://ore.exeter.ac.uk/repository/handle/10871/29636

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-017-08381-4

DO - 10.1038/s41598-017-08381-4

M3 - Erthygl

VL - 7

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

M1 - 8261

ER -