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Dangosydd eitem ddigidol (DOI)

  • Gianfranco Walsh
    Leibniz University, Hanover
  • Edward Shiu
  • Mario Schaarschmidt
    Northumbria University
  • Louise Hassan
    The University of Birmingham
Service firms can manage failure apology emails depending on how much digital presence or lack thereof they wish to maintain toward aggrieved customers. While nascent research indicates positive effects of higher levels of digital presence, the efficacy of this strategy in service recovery settings remains unclear. Drawing on the concept of digital presence and the unified theory of social relations, the authors investigate the potential detrimental effects of combining certain salutation forms with digital presence in the form of employee photographs in these emails. The data were gathered using one survey among service employees (Prestudy, N=202), and two scenario-based experiments (Study 1, N=418; Study 2, N=449). Study 1 assesses customer reactions to different apology emails and shows that personalized salutations (i.e., addressing customers by first name) and digital presence in the form of employee photographs can negatively interact to affect recovery satisfaction and repatronage intentions, with customers’ perceived rapport mediating these relationships. Moreover, the results of a second experiment (Study 2) show that compensation after a service failure can mitigate the negative interactive effects. This research thus suggests using digital presence (in the form of employee photographs) in conversations with aggrieved customers only when customer salutation personalization is absent.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)2361-2383
CyfnodolynPsychology and Marketing
Rhif y cyfnodolyn12
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar7 Medi 2022
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - Rhag 2022

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