Estimating the effects of trait knowledge on social perception

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

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Estimating the effects of trait knowledge on social perception. / Wildman, Andrew; Ramsey, Richard.

Yn: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 04.10.2021.

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

HarvardHarvard

Wildman, A & Ramsey, R 2021, 'Estimating the effects of trait knowledge on social perception', Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/17470218211047447

APA

Wildman, A., & Ramsey, R. (2021). Estimating the effects of trait knowledge on social perception. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/17470218211047447

CBE

Wildman A, Ramsey R. 2021. Estimating the effects of trait knowledge on social perception. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/17470218211047447

MLA

Wildman, Andrew a Richard Ramsey. "Estimating the effects of trait knowledge on social perception". Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1177/17470218211047447

VancouverVancouver

Wildman A, Ramsey R. Estimating the effects of trait knowledge on social perception. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 2021 Oct 4. https://doi.org/10.1177/17470218211047447

Author

Wildman, Andrew ; Ramsey, Richard. / Estimating the effects of trait knowledge on social perception. Yn: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 2021.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimating the effects of trait knowledge on social perception

AU - Wildman, Andrew

AU - Ramsey, Richard

PY - 2021/10/4

Y1 - 2021/10/4

N2 - Research in social cognition has predominantly investigated perceptual and inferential processes separately; however, real-world social interactions usually involve integration between person inferences (e.g., generous, selfish) and the perception of physical appearance (e.g., thin, tall). Therefore, in the current work, we investigated the integration of different person-relevant signals, by estimating the extent to which bias in one social information processing system influences another. Following an initial stimulus-validation experiment (Experiment 1, N = 55), two further pre-registered experiments (Experiments 2, N = 55 and 3; N = 123) employed a priming paradigm to measure the effects of extraversion-diagnostic information on subsequent health and body-size judgements of a target body. The results were consistent across both priming experiments and supported our predictions: compared to trait-neutral control statements, extraversion-diagnostic statements increased judgements of health and decreased those of body size. As such, we show that trait-based knowledge does not only influence mappings towards similar types of person judgements, such as health judgements. Rather, even a brief re-configuration of trait-space alters mappings towards non-trait judgements, which are based on body size and shape. The results complement prior neuroimaging findings that showed functional interactions between the body-selective brain regions in the ventral visual stream and the theory of mind network when forming impressions of others. Therefore, we provide a functional signature of how distinct information processing units exchange signals and integrate information to form impressions. Overall, the current study underscores the value of behavioural work in complementing neuroscience research when investigating the role and properties of functional integration during impression formation. In addition, it stresses the potential limitations of an over-reliance on studying separate systems in isolation.

AB - Research in social cognition has predominantly investigated perceptual and inferential processes separately; however, real-world social interactions usually involve integration between person inferences (e.g., generous, selfish) and the perception of physical appearance (e.g., thin, tall). Therefore, in the current work, we investigated the integration of different person-relevant signals, by estimating the extent to which bias in one social information processing system influences another. Following an initial stimulus-validation experiment (Experiment 1, N = 55), two further pre-registered experiments (Experiments 2, N = 55 and 3; N = 123) employed a priming paradigm to measure the effects of extraversion-diagnostic information on subsequent health and body-size judgements of a target body. The results were consistent across both priming experiments and supported our predictions: compared to trait-neutral control statements, extraversion-diagnostic statements increased judgements of health and decreased those of body size. As such, we show that trait-based knowledge does not only influence mappings towards similar types of person judgements, such as health judgements. Rather, even a brief re-configuration of trait-space alters mappings towards non-trait judgements, which are based on body size and shape. The results complement prior neuroimaging findings that showed functional interactions between the body-selective brain regions in the ventral visual stream and the theory of mind network when forming impressions of others. Therefore, we provide a functional signature of how distinct information processing units exchange signals and integrate information to form impressions. Overall, the current study underscores the value of behavioural work in complementing neuroscience research when investigating the role and properties of functional integration during impression formation. In addition, it stresses the potential limitations of an over-reliance on studying separate systems in isolation.

KW - person perception

KW - priming

KW - body size

KW - social cognition

KW - trait inference

U2 - 10.1177/17470218211047447

DO - 10.1177/17470218211047447

M3 - Article

C2 - 34491145

JO - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

JF - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

SN - 1747-0218

ER -