StandardStandard

Fangs for the Memories? A Survey of Pain in Snakebite Patients Does Not Support a Strong Role for Defense in the Evolution of Snake Venom Composition. / Ward-Smith, Harry; Naude, Arno; Arbuckle, Kevin; Wuster, Wolfgang.

Yn: Toxins, Cyfrol 12, Rhif 3, 201, 22.03.2020.

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

HarvardHarvard

APA

CBE

MLA

VancouverVancouver

Author

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fangs for the Memories? A Survey of Pain in Snakebite Patients Does Not Support a Strong Role for Defense in the Evolution of Snake Venom Composition

AU - Ward-Smith, Harry

AU - Naude, Arno

AU - Arbuckle, Kevin

AU - Wuster, Wolfgang

PY - 2020/3/22

Y1 - 2020/3/22

N2 - Animals use venoms for multiple purposes, most prominently for prey acquisition and self-defense. In snakes, venom composition often evolves as a result of selection for optimization for local diet. However, whether selection for a defensive function has also played a role in driving the evolution of venom composition has remained largely unstudied. Here, we use an online survey of snakebite victims to test a key prediction of a defensive function, that envenoming should result in the rapid onset of severe pain. From the analysis of 584 snakebite reports, involving 192 species of venomous snake, we find that the vast majority of bites do not result in severe early pain. Phylogenetic comparative analysis shows that where early pain after a bite evolves, it is often lost rapidly. Our results, therefore, do not support the hypothesis that natural selection for antipredator defense played an important role in the origin of venom or front-fanged delivery systems in general, although there may be intriguing exceptions to this rule.

AB - Animals use venoms for multiple purposes, most prominently for prey acquisition and self-defense. In snakes, venom composition often evolves as a result of selection for optimization for local diet. However, whether selection for a defensive function has also played a role in driving the evolution of venom composition has remained largely unstudied. Here, we use an online survey of snakebite victims to test a key prediction of a defensive function, that envenoming should result in the rapid onset of severe pain. From the analysis of 584 snakebite reports, involving 192 species of venomous snake, we find that the vast majority of bites do not result in severe early pain. Phylogenetic comparative analysis shows that where early pain after a bite evolves, it is often lost rapidly. Our results, therefore, do not support the hypothesis that natural selection for antipredator defense played an important role in the origin of venom or front-fanged delivery systems in general, although there may be intriguing exceptions to this rule.

KW - Defence

KW - Evolution

KW - Pain

KW - Selective pressure

KW - snake

KW - snakebite

KW - venom

U2 - 10.3390/toxins12030201

DO - 10.3390/toxins12030201

M3 - Article

C2 - 32235759

VL - 12

JO - Toxins

JF - Toxins

SN - 2072-6651

IS - 3

M1 - 201

ER -