Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries

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  • Nuno Queiroz
    Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK.
  • Nicolas E Humphries
    Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK.
  • Ana Couto
    Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos/Research Network in Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, Campus Agrário de Vairão, Universidade do Porto, 4485-668, Vairão, Portugal.
  • Marisa Vedor
    Dep. Biologia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, 4169-007, Porto, Portugal.
  • Ivo da Costa
    Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos/Research Network in Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, Campus Agrário de Vairão, Universidade do Porto, 4485-668, Vairão, Portugal.
  • Ana M M Sequeira
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, 6009, Australia.
  • Gonzalo Mucientes
    Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos/Research Network in Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, Campus Agrário de Vairão, Universidade do Porto, 4485-668, Vairão, Portugal.
  • António M Santos
    Dep. Biologia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, 4169-007, Porto, Portugal.
  • Francisco J Abascal
    Spanish Institute of Oceanography, Vía Espaldón, Dársena Pesquera PCL8, 38180, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain.
  • Debra L Abercrombie
    Abercrombie and Fish, 14 Dayton Avenue, Port Jefferson Station, NY, 11776, USA.
  • Katya Abrantes
    Marine Biology and Aquaculture Unit, College of Science and Engineering, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD, Australia.
  • David Acuña-Marrero
    Institute of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, Massey University, Massey, New Zealand.
  • André S Afonso
    MARE, Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Instituto Politécnico de Leiria, Av. do Porto de Pesca 30, 2520-208, Peniche, Portugal.
  • Pedro Afonso
    Okeanos - Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Universidade dos Açores, Horta, Portugal.
  • Darrell Anders
    Department of Environmental Affairs, Oceans and Coasts Research, P.O. Box 52126, Victoria & Alfred Waterfront, Cape Town, 8001, South Africa.
  • Gonzalo Araujo
    Large Marine Vertebrates Research Institute Philippines, Cagulada Compound, Tejero, Jagna, 6308, Bohol, Philippines.
  • Randall Arauz
    MigraMar, 9255 Sir Francis Drake Boulevard, Olema, CA, 94950, USA.
  • Pascal Bach
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR MARBEC (IRD, Ifremer, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS), Sète, France.
  • Adam Barnett
    Marine Biology and Aquaculture Unit, College of Science and Engineering, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD, Australia.
  • Diego Bernal
    University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, Biology Department, Dartmouth, MA, USA.
  • Michael L Berumen
    Red Sea Research Center, Division of Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, 23955, Saudi Arabia.
  • Sandra Bessudo Lion
    Fundación Malpelo y Otros Ecosistemas Marinos, Carrera 11 # 87 - 51 Local 4 Piso 2, Bogota, Columbia, USA.
  • Natalia P A Bezerra
    UFRPE (Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco), Departamento de Pesca e Aquicultura, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, 52171-900, Recife-, PE, Brazil.
  • Antonin V Blaison
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR MARBEC (IRD, Ifremer, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS), Sète, France.
  • Barbara A Block
    Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Blvd., Pacific Grove, CA, 93950, USA.
  • Mark E Bond
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, 3000 NE 151st Street, North Miami, FL, 33181, USA.
  • Russell W Bradford
    CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, TAS, 7000, Australia.
  • Camrin D Braun
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology-Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Oceanography/Applied Ocean Science and Engineering, Cambridge, MA, USA.
  • Edward J Brooks
    Shark Research and Conservation Program, Cape Eleuthera Institute, Eleuthera, Bahamas.
  • Annabelle Brooks
    University of Exeter, Prince of Wales Road, Exeter, EX4 4PS, UK.
  • Judith Brown
    South Atlantic Environmental Research Institute, Stanley Cottage, FIQQ 1ZZ, Falkland Islands.
  • Barry D Bruce
    CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, TAS, 7000, Australia.
  • Michael E Byrne
    School of Natural Resources, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.
  • Steven E Campana
    Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
  • Aaron B Carlisle
    School of Marine Science and Policy, University of Delaware, 700 Pilottown Rd., Lewes, DE, 19958, USA.
  • Demian D Chapman
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, 3000 NE 151st Street, North Miami, FL, 33181, USA.
  • Taylor K Chapple
    Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Blvd., Pacific Grove, CA, 93950, USA.
  • John Chisholm
    Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries, New Bedford, MA, USA.
  • Christopher R Clarke
    Marine Research Facility, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Eric G Clua
    PSL, Labex CORAIL, CRIOBE USR3278 EPHE-CNRS-UPVD, PoBox 1013, 98729, Papetoai, French Polynesia.
  • Jesse E M Cochran
    Red Sea Research Center, Division of Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, 23955, Saudi Arabia.
  • Estelle C Crochelet
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR 228 ESPACE-DEV, Réunion, France.
  • Laurent Dagorn
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR MARBEC (IRD, Ifremer, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS), Sète, France.
  • Ryan Daly
    South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), Private Bag 1015, Grahamstown, 6140, South Africa.
  • Daniel Devia Cortés
    Department of Fisheries Evaluation, Fisheries Research Division, Instituto de Fomento Pesquero (IFOP), Blanco 839, Valparaíso, 2361827, Chile.
  • Thomas K Doyle
    MaREI Centre, Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork, Ireland.
  • Michael Drew
    College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
  • Clinton A J Duffy
    Department of Conservation, Private Bag 68908, Auckland, New Zealand.
  • Thor Erikson
    South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, Geological Sciences, UKZN, Durban, 4001, South Africa.
  • Eduardo Espinoza
    Direccion Parque Nacional Galapagos, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos, Ecuador.
  • Luciana C Ferreira
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre (UWA), 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, 6009 WA, Australia.
  • Francesco Ferretti
    Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Blvd., Pacific Grove, CA, 93950, USA.
  • John D Filmalter
    South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), Private Bag 1015, Grahamstown, 6140, South Africa.
  • G Chris Fischer
    OCEARCH, Park City, Utah, 84060, USA.
  • Richard Fitzpatrick
    Marine Biology and Aquaculture Unit, College of Science and Engineering, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD, Australia.
  • Jorge Fontes
    Okeanos - Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Universidade dos Açores, Horta, Portugal.
  • Fabien Forget
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR MARBEC (IRD, Ifremer, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS), Sète, France.
  • Mark Fowler
    Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • Malcolm P Francis
    National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Private Bag 14901, Wellington, New Zealand.
  • Austin J Gallagher
    Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL, 33149, USA.
  • Enrico Gennari
    Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa.
  • Simon D Goldsworthy
    SARDI Aquatic Sciences, Henley Beach, Adelaide, South Australia, 5022, Australia.
  • Matthew J Gollock
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London NW1 4RY, UK.
  • Jonathan R Green
    Galapagos Whale Shark Project, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador.
  • Johan A Gustafson
    Griffith Centre for Coastal Management, Griffith University School of Engineering, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, 4222, Australia.
  • Tristan L Guttridge
    Bimini Biological Field Station, 15 Elizabeth Drive, South Bimini, Bahamas.
  • Hector M Guzman
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, PO Box 0843-03092, Panama, Republic of Panama.
  • Neil Hammerschlag
    Leonard and Jayne Abess Center for Ecosystem Science and Policy, University of Miami, 1365 Memorial Drive, #230, Coral Gables, FL, 33146, USA.
  • Luke Harman
    School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, Ireland.
  • Fábio H V Hazin
    UFRPE (Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco), Departamento de Pesca e Aquicultura, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, 52171-900, Recife-, PE, Brazil.
  • Matthew Heard
    College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
  • Alex R Hearn
    Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Diego de Robles s/n y Pampite, Cumbaya, Quito, Ecuador.
  • John C Holdsworth
    Blue Water Marine Research, PO Box 402081, Tutukaka, New Zealand.
  • Bonnie J Holmes
    University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland, 4001, Australia.
  • Lucy A Howey
    Microwave Telemetry, Inc., Columbia, MD, USA.
  • Mauricio Hoyos
    Pelagios-Kakunja, Cuauhtémoc 155, Pueblo Nuevo, 23060, La Paz, Mexico.
  • Robert E Hueter
    Mote Marine Laboratory, Center for Shark Research, Sarasota, FL, 34236, USA.
  • Nigel E Hussey
    University of Windsor, Biological Sciences, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, Ontario, N9B 3P4, Canada.
  • Charlie Huveneers
    College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
  • Dylan T Irion
    Cape Research and Diver Development, Simon's Town, South Africa.
  • David M P Jacoby
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London NW1 4RY, UK.
  • Oliver J D Jewell
    Dyer Island Conservation Trust, Kleinbaai, Western Cape, South Africa.
  • Ryan Johnson
    Blue Wilderness Research Unit, 11 Escombe Cresent, Freeland Park, Scottburgh, 4180, South Africa.
  • Lance K B Jordan
    Microwave Telemetry, Inc., Columbia, MD, USA.
  • Salvador J Jorgensen
    Monterey Bay Aquarium, 886 Cannery Row, Monterey, CA, 93940, USA.
  • Warren Joyce
    Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • Clare A Keating Daly
    Save Our Seas Foundation - D'Arros Research Centre (SOSF-DRC), Rue Philippe Plantamour 20, CH-1201, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • James T Ketchum
    Pelagios-Kakunja, Cuauhtémoc 155, Pueblo Nuevo, 23060, La Paz, Mexico.
  • A Peter Klimley
    University of California Davis, Davis, CA, 95616, USA.
  • Alison A Kock
    Institute for Communities and Wildlife in Africa, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa.
  • Pieter Koen
    Western Cape Department of Agriculture, Veterinary Services, Private Bag X1, Elsenburg, 7607, South Africa.
  • Felipe Ladino
    Fundación Malpelo y Otros Ecosistemas Marinos, Carrera 11 # 87 - 51 Local 4 Piso 2, Bogota, Columbia, USA.
  • Fernanda O Lana
    UFF (Universidade Federal Fluminense), Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Rua Alexandre Moura, 24210-200, Niterói-, RJ, Brazil.
  • James S E Lea
    Marine Research Facility, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK.
  • Fiona Llewellyn
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London NW1 4RY, UK.
  • Warrick S Lyon
    National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Private Bag 14901, Wellington, New Zealand.
  • Anna MacDonnell
    Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • Bruno C L Macena
    IMAR - Institute of Marine Research, Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Universidade dos Açores, Horta, Portugal.
  • Heather Marshall
    Atlantic White Shark Conservancy, Chatham, MA, USA.
  • Jaime D McAllister
    Fisheries and Aquaculture Centre, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 49, Hobart, TAS, 7001, Australia.
  • Rory McAuley
    Minderoo Foundation, Flourishing Oceans Initiative, P.O. Box 3155, Broadway, Nedlands, WA, 6009, Australia.
  • Michael A Meÿer
    Department of Environmental Affairs, Oceans and Coasts Research, P.O. Box 52126, Victoria & Alfred Waterfront, Cape Town, 8001, South Africa.
  • John J Morris
    Mote Marine Laboratory, Center for Shark Research, Sarasota, FL, 34236, USA.
  • Emily R Nelson
    Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL, 33149, USA.
  • Yannis P Papastamatiou
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, 3000 NE 151st Street, North Miami, FL, 33181, USA.
  • Toby A Patterson
    CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, TAS, 7000, Australia.
  • Cesar Peñaherrera-Palma
    Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador Sede Manabi, Portoviejo, 130103, Ecuador.
  • Julian G Pepperell
    Pepperell Research & Consulting Pty LTD, PO Box 1475, Noosaville BC, Queensland, 4565, Australia.
  • Simon J Pierce
    Marine Megafauna Foundation, 11260 Donner Pass Road, Truckee, CA, 96161, USA.
  • Francois Poisson
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR MARBEC (IRD, Ifremer, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS), Sète, France.
  • Lina Maria Quintero
    Fundación Malpelo y Otros Ecosistemas Marinos, Carrera 11 # 87 - 51 Local 4 Piso 2, Bogota, Columbia, USA.
  • Andrew J Richardson
    Conservation and Fisheries Department, Ascension Island Government, Ascension Island, South Atlantic, ASCN 1ZZ, USA.
  • Paul J Rogers
    SARDI Aquatic Sciences, Henley Beach, Adelaide, South Australia, 5022, Australia.
  • Christoph A Rohner
    Marine Megafauna Foundation, 11260 Donner Pass Road, Truckee, CA, 96161, USA.
  • David R L Rowat
    Marine Conservation Society Seychelles, PO Box 384, Victoria, Mahe, Seychelles.
  • Melita Samoilys
    CORDIO, East Africa, PO Box 10135, Mombasa, 80101, Kenya.
  • Jayson M Semmens
    Fisheries and Aquaculture Centre, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 49, Hobart, TAS, 7001, Australia.
  • Marcus Sheaves
    Marine Biology and Aquaculture Unit, College of Science and Engineering, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD, Australia.
  • George Shillinger
    Upwell, Heritage Harbor Complex, 99 Pacific Street, Suite 375-E, Monterey, CA, 93940, USA.
  • Mahmood Shivji
    Department of Biological Sciences, The Guy Harvey Research Institute, Nova Southeastern University, Dania Beach, FL, USA.
  • Sarika Singh
    Department of Environmental Affairs, Oceans and Coasts Research, P.O. Box 52126, Victoria & Alfred Waterfront, Cape Town, 8001, South Africa.
  • Gregory B Skomal
    Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries, New Bedford, MA, USA.
  • Malcolm J Smale
    Department of Zoology and Institute for Coastal and Marine Research, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
  • Laurenne B Snyders
    Department of Environmental Affairs, Oceans and Coasts Research, P.O. Box 52126, Victoria & Alfred Waterfront, Cape Town, 8001, South Africa.
  • German Soler
    Fisheries and Aquaculture Centre, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 49, Hobart, TAS, 7001, Australia.
  • Marc Soria
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR MARBEC (IRD, Ifremer, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS), Sète, France.
  • Kilian M Stehfest
    Fisheries and Aquaculture Centre, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 49, Hobart, TAS, 7001, Australia.
  • John D Stevens
    CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, TAS, 7000, Australia.
  • Simon R Thorrold
    Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA.
  • Mariana T Tolotti
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR MARBEC (IRD, Ifremer, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS), Sète, France.
  • Alison Towner
    Dyer Island Conservation Trust, Kleinbaai, Western Cape, South Africa.
  • Paulo Travassos
    UFRPE (Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco), Departamento de Pesca e Aquicultura, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, 52171-900, Recife-, PE, Brazil.
  • John P Tyminski
    Mote Marine Laboratory, Center for Shark Research, Sarasota, FL, 34236, USA.
  • Frederic Vandeperre
    Okeanos - Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Universidade dos Açores, Horta, Portugal.
  • Jeremy J Vaudo
    Department of Biological Sciences, The Guy Harvey Research Institute, Nova Southeastern University, Dania Beach, FL, USA.
  • Yuuki Y Watanabe
    National Institute of Polar Research, , Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8518, Japan / SOKENDAI (The Graduate University for Advanced Studies), Tachikawa, Tokyo, 190-8518, Japan.
  • Sam B Weber
    Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Penryn Campus, Cornwall, TR10 9FE, UK.
  • Bradley M Wetherbee
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA.
  • Timothy D White
    Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Blvd., Pacific Grove, CA, 93950, USA.
  • Sean Williams
    Shark Research and Conservation Program, Cape Eleuthera Institute, Eleuthera, Bahamas.
  • Patricia M Zárate
    Department of Oceanography and Environment, Fisheries Research Division, Instituto de Fomento Pesquero (IFOP), Blanco 839, Valparaíso, 2361827, Chile.
  • Robert Harcourt
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW2109, Australia.
  • Graeme C Hays
    School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.
  • Mark G Meekan
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre (UWA), 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, 6009 WA, Australia.
  • Michele Thums
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre (UWA), 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, 6009 WA, Australia.
  • Xabier Irigoien
    IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain.
  • Victor M Eguiluz
    Instituto de Fisica Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas - University of the Balearic Islands, E-07122, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
  • Carlos M Duarte
    Red Sea Research Center, Division of Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, 23955, Saudi Arabia.
  • Lara L Sousa
    Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Abingdon Road, Tubney, OX13 5QL, UK.
  • Samantha J Simpson
    Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK.Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, Waterfront Campus, European Way, Southampton, SO14 3ZH, UK.
  • Emily J Southall
    Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK.
  • David W Sims
    Centre for Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Building 85, Highfield Campus, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK. dws@mba.ac.uk.

Effective ocean management and conservation of highly migratory species depends on resolving overlap between animal movements and distributions and fishing effort. Yet, this information is lacking at a global scale. Here we show, using a big-data approach combining satellite-tracked movements of pelagic sharks and global fishing fleets, that 24% of the mean monthly space used by sharks falls under the footprint of pelagic longline fisheries. Space use hotspots of commercially valuable sharks and of internationally protected species had the highest overlap with longlines (up to 76% and 64%, respectively) and were also associated with significant increases in fishing effort. We conclude that pelagic sharks have limited spatial refuge from current levels of high-seas fishing effort. Results demonstrate an urgent need for conservation and management measures at high-seas shark hotspots and highlight the potential of simultaneous satellite surveillance of megafauna and fishers as a tool for near-real time, dynamic management.

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Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar24 Gorff 2019
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
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