Marine genomics: News and views

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Dangosydd eitem ddigidol (DOI)

  • Ângela M Ribeiro
    University of Copenhagen
  • Andrew D Foote
    University of Bern
  • Anne Kupczok
    Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel
  • Bárbara Frazão
    IPMA, Lisbon, Portugal.
  • Morten T Limborg
    University of Copenhagen
  • Rosalía Piñeiro
    Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK
  • Samuel Abalde
    Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC), Madrid, Spain.
  • Sara Rocha
    University of Vigo
  • Rute R da Fonseca
    University of Copenhagen

Marine ecosystems occupy 71% of the surface of our planet, yet we know little about their diversity. Although the inventory of species is continually increasing, as registered by the Census of Marine Life program, only about 10% of the estimated two million marine species are known. This lag between observed and estimated diversity is in part due to the elusiveness of most aquatic species and the technical difficulties of exploring extreme environments, as for instance the abyssal plains and polar waters. In the last decade, the rapid development of affordable and flexible high-throughput sequencing approaches have been helping to improve our knowledge of marine biodiversity, from the rich microbial biota that forms the base of the tree of life to a wealth of plant and animal species. In this review, we present an overview of the applications of genomics to the study of marine life, from evolutionary biology of non-model organisms to species of commercial relevance for fishing, aquaculture and biomedicine. Instead of providing an exhaustive list of available genomic data, we rather set to present contextualized examples that best represent the current status of the field of marine genomics.

Allweddeiriau

Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)1-8
Nifer y tudalennau8
CyfnodolynMarine Genomics
Cyfrol31
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar17 Medi 2016
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - Chwef 2017
Cyhoeddwyd yn allanolIe
Gweld graff cysylltiadau