Neural Responses to Visually Observed Social Interactions

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

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Neural Responses to Visually Observed Social Interactions. / Walbrin, Jon; Downing, Paul; Koldewyn, Kami.

Yn: Neuropsychologia, Cyfrol 112, Rhif April, 04.2018, t. 31-39.

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

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Walbrin, Jon ; Downing, Paul ; Koldewyn, Kami. / Neural Responses to Visually Observed Social Interactions. Yn: Neuropsychologia. 2018 ; Cyfrol 112, Rhif April. tt. 31-39.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Neural Responses to Visually Observed Social Interactions

AU - Walbrin, Jon

AU - Downing, Paul

AU - Koldewyn, Kami

N1 - Open Access funded by European Research Council

PY - 2018/4

Y1 - 2018/4

N2 - Success in the social world requires the ability to perceive not just individuals and their actions, but pairs of people and the interactions between them. Despite the complexity of social interactions, humans are adept at interpreting those interactions they observe. Although the brain basis of this remarkable ability has remained relatively unexplored, converging functional MRI evidence suggests the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) is centrally involved. Here, we sought to determine whether this region is sensitive to both the presence of interactive information, as well as to the content of qualitatively different interactions (i.e. competition vs. cooperation). Using point-light human figure stimuli, we demonstrate that the right pSTS is maximally activated when contrasting dyadic interactions vs. dyads performing independent, non-interactive actions. We then used this task to localize the same pSTS region in an independent participant group, and tested responses to non-human moving shape stimuli (i.e. two circles' movements conveying either interactive or non-interactive behaviour). We observed significant support vector machine classification for both the presence and type of interaction (i.e. interaction vs. non-interaction, and competition vs. cooperation, respectively) in the pSTS, as well as neighbouring temporo-parietal junction (TPJ). These findings demonstrate the important role that these regions play in perceiving and understanding social interactions, and lay the foundations for further research to fully characterize interaction responses in these areas.

AB - Success in the social world requires the ability to perceive not just individuals and their actions, but pairs of people and the interactions between them. Despite the complexity of social interactions, humans are adept at interpreting those interactions they observe. Although the brain basis of this remarkable ability has remained relatively unexplored, converging functional MRI evidence suggests the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) is centrally involved. Here, we sought to determine whether this region is sensitive to both the presence of interactive information, as well as to the content of qualitatively different interactions (i.e. competition vs. cooperation). Using point-light human figure stimuli, we demonstrate that the right pSTS is maximally activated when contrasting dyadic interactions vs. dyads performing independent, non-interactive actions. We then used this task to localize the same pSTS region in an independent participant group, and tested responses to non-human moving shape stimuli (i.e. two circles' movements conveying either interactive or non-interactive behaviour). We observed significant support vector machine classification for both the presence and type of interaction (i.e. interaction vs. non-interaction, and competition vs. cooperation, respectively) in the pSTS, as well as neighbouring temporo-parietal junction (TPJ). These findings demonstrate the important role that these regions play in perceiving and understanding social interactions, and lay the foundations for further research to fully characterize interaction responses in these areas.

KW - pSTS

KW - Social Interaction

KW - Person Perception

KW - fMRI

KW - Vision

KW - Shapes

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.02.023

DO - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.02.023

M3 - Article

VL - 112

SP - 31

EP - 39

JO - Neuropsychologia

T2 - Neuropsychologia

JF - Neuropsychologia

SN - 0028-3932

IS - April

ER -