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Spatial patterns and environmental constraints on ecosystem services at a catchment scale. / Emmett, Bridget; Cooper, David; Smart, Simon; Jackson, Bethanna; Thomas, Amy; Cosby, Bernard; Evans, Christopher; Glanville, Helen; McDonald, James; Malham, Shelagh; Marshall, Miles; Jarvis, Susan; Rajko-Nenow, Paulina; Webb, Gearoid P.; Ward, Sue; Rowe, Edwin; Jones, Laurence; Vanbergen, Edward J.; Keith, Aidan; Carter, Heather ; Pereira, M. Gloria; Hughes, Steve; Lebron, Inma; Wade, Andrew; Jones, David.

Yn: Science of the Total Environment, Cyfrol 572, 01.12.2016, t. 1586-1600.

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

HarvardHarvard

Emmett, B, Cooper, D, Smart, S, Jackson, B, Thomas, A, Cosby, B, Evans, C, Glanville, H, McDonald, J, Malham, S, Marshall, M, Jarvis, S, Rajko-Nenow, P, Webb, GP, Ward, S, Rowe, E, Jones, L, Vanbergen, EJ, Keith, A, Carter, H, Pereira, MG, Hughes, S, Lebron, I, Wade, A & Jones, D 2016, 'Spatial patterns and environmental constraints on ecosystem services at a catchment scale', Science of the Total Environment, cyfrol. 572, tt. 1586-1600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.004

APA

Emmett, B., Cooper, D., Smart, S., Jackson, B., Thomas, A., Cosby, B., ... Jones, D. (2016). Spatial patterns and environmental constraints on ecosystem services at a catchment scale. Science of the Total Environment, 572, 1586-1600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.004

CBE

Emmett B, Cooper D, Smart S, Jackson B, Thomas A, Cosby B, Evans C, Glanville H, McDonald J, Malham S, Marshall M, Jarvis S, Rajko-Nenow P, Webb GP, Ward S, Rowe E, Jones L, Vanbergen EJ, Keith A, Carter H, Pereira MG, Hughes S, Lebron I, Wade A, Jones D. 2016. Spatial patterns and environmental constraints on ecosystem services at a catchment scale. Science of the Total Environment. 572:1586-1600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.004

MLA

VancouverVancouver

Emmett B, Cooper D, Smart S, Jackson B, Thomas A, Cosby B et al. Spatial patterns and environmental constraints on ecosystem services at a catchment scale. Science of the Total Environment. 2016 Dec 1;572:1586-1600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.004

Author

Emmett, Bridget ; Cooper, David ; Smart, Simon ; Jackson, Bethanna ; Thomas, Amy ; Cosby, Bernard ; Evans, Christopher ; Glanville, Helen ; McDonald, James ; Malham, Shelagh ; Marshall, Miles ; Jarvis, Susan ; Rajko-Nenow, Paulina ; Webb, Gearoid P. ; Ward, Sue ; Rowe, Edwin ; Jones, Laurence ; Vanbergen, Edward J. ; Keith, Aidan ; Carter, Heather ; Pereira, M. Gloria ; Hughes, Steve ; Lebron, Inma ; Wade, Andrew ; Jones, David. / Spatial patterns and environmental constraints on ecosystem services at a catchment scale. Yn: Science of the Total Environment. 2016 ; Cyfrol 572. tt. 1586-1600.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatial patterns and environmental constraints on ecosystem services at a catchment scale

AU - Emmett, Bridget

AU - Cooper, David

AU - Smart, Simon

AU - Jackson, Bethanna

AU - Thomas, Amy

AU - Cosby, Bernard

AU - Evans, Christopher

AU - Glanville, Helen

AU - McDonald, James

AU - Malham, Shelagh

AU - Marshall, Miles

AU - Jarvis, Susan

AU - Rajko-Nenow, Paulina

AU - Webb, Gearoid P.

AU - Ward, Sue

AU - Rowe, Edwin

AU - Jones, Laurence

AU - Vanbergen, Edward J.

AU - Keith, Aidan

AU - Carter, Heather

AU - Pereira, M. Gloria

AU - Hughes, Steve

AU - Lebron, Inma

AU - Wade, Andrew

AU - Jones, David

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Improved understanding and prediction of the fundamental environmental controls on ecosystem service supply across the landscape will help to inform decisions made by policy makers and land-water managers. To evaluate this issue for a local catchment case study, we explored metrics and spatial patterns of service supply for water quality regulation, agriculture production, carbon storage, and biodiversity for the Macronutrient Conwy catchment. Methods included using ecosystem models such as LUCI and JULES, integration of national scale field survey datasets, earth observation products and plant trait databases, to produce finely resolved maps of species richness and primary production. Analyses were done with both 1 × 1 km gridded and subcatchment data. A common single gradient characterised catchment scale ecosystem services supply with agricultural production and carbon storage at opposing ends of the gradient as reported for a national-scale assessment. Species diversity was positively related to production due to the below national average productivity levels in the Conwy combined with the unimodal relationship between biodiversity and productivity at the national scale. In contrast to the national scale assessment, a strong reduction in water quality as production increased was observed in these low productive systems. Various soil variables were tested for their predictive power of ecosystem service supply. Soil carbon, nitrogen, their ratio and soil pH all had double the power of rainfall and altitude, each explaining around 45% of variation but soil pH is proposed as a potential metric for ecosystem service supply potential as it is a simple and practical metric which can be carried out in the field with crowd-sourcing technologies now available. The study emphasises the importance of considering multiple ecosystem services together due to the complexity of covariation at local and national scales, and the benefits of exploiting a wide range of metrics for each service to enhance data robustness.

AB - Improved understanding and prediction of the fundamental environmental controls on ecosystem service supply across the landscape will help to inform decisions made by policy makers and land-water managers. To evaluate this issue for a local catchment case study, we explored metrics and spatial patterns of service supply for water quality regulation, agriculture production, carbon storage, and biodiversity for the Macronutrient Conwy catchment. Methods included using ecosystem models such as LUCI and JULES, integration of national scale field survey datasets, earth observation products and plant trait databases, to produce finely resolved maps of species richness and primary production. Analyses were done with both 1 × 1 km gridded and subcatchment data. A common single gradient characterised catchment scale ecosystem services supply with agricultural production and carbon storage at opposing ends of the gradient as reported for a national-scale assessment. Species diversity was positively related to production due to the below national average productivity levels in the Conwy combined with the unimodal relationship between biodiversity and productivity at the national scale. In contrast to the national scale assessment, a strong reduction in water quality as production increased was observed in these low productive systems. Various soil variables were tested for their predictive power of ecosystem service supply. Soil carbon, nitrogen, their ratio and soil pH all had double the power of rainfall and altitude, each explaining around 45% of variation but soil pH is proposed as a potential metric for ecosystem service supply potential as it is a simple and practical metric which can be carried out in the field with crowd-sourcing technologies now available. The study emphasises the importance of considering multiple ecosystem services together due to the complexity of covariation at local and national scales, and the benefits of exploiting a wide range of metrics for each service to enhance data robustness.

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.004

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.004

M3 - Article

VL - 572

SP - 1586

EP - 1600

JO - Science of the Total Environment

T2 - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -