Fersiynau electronig


Dangosydd eitem ddigidol (DOI)

The commercial fishery for common whelk (Buccinum undatum L.) has expanded significantly in the Irish Sea
since 1990 and continues to grow, particularly in Welsh waters and the Isle of Man territorial sea, with landings
throughout the region increasing by 227% between 2011 and 2016. Whilst whelk populations are known to be
vulnerable to localised overexploitation due to inherent life-history parameters, fisheries remain relatively unrestricted
by conservation measures in comparison to other fisheries operating in the area. With the exception
of the northernmost fishing ground between the Isle of Man and Scotland (Point of Ayre), the size-at-maturity
(L⁠50) estimate for populations sampled during peak-aGSI (the months in which adjusted gonadosomatic index is
highest) indicates that whelk are being fished before the time at first spawning throughout the study area. A correlation
was detected between the size (total shell length) and depth, with smaller whelks found in deeper waters
where there generally is greater fishing effort, although effort data is not available at a resolution to investigate
this relationship quantitatively. No clear link between benthic infauna biomass and the average size (total shell
length) or reproductive capacity (aGSI) of whelk sampled throughout ICES Area VIIa was found, indicating that
the ecological energetics of whelk populations are more likely to be a function of scavenging opportunities than
predation on benthic communities. A mixed cohort analysis utilized length-based data to infer a size-at-age relationship
in the absence of direct age observations (e.g. statolith rings), with whelk recruiting into the Isle of
Man fishery five years after hatching. The evidence presented in this study suggests that, prior to recommending
a MLS that will adequately protect the spawning stock biomass, L⁠50 values should be adjusted for pre-spawning
growth between the ideal time of assessment (when aGSI values are at a peak) and the spawning season (when
aGSI values decrease).
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)125-136
CyfnodolynFisheries Research
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar20 Maw 2018
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - Awst 2018

Cyfanswm lawlrlwytho

Nid oes data ar gael
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