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The Effects of Individual and Team Competitions on Performance, Emotions, and Effort. / Cooke, Andrew; Kavussanu, M.; McIntyre, D.; Ring, C.

Yn: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Cyfrol 35, Rhif 2, 01.04.2013, t. 132-143.

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

HarvardHarvard

Cooke, A, Kavussanu, M, McIntyre, D & Ring, C 2013, 'The Effects of Individual and Team Competitions on Performance, Emotions, and Effort', Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, cyfrol. 35, rhif 2, tt. 132-143.

APA

Cooke, A., Kavussanu, M., McIntyre, D., & Ring, C. (2013). The Effects of Individual and Team Competitions on Performance, Emotions, and Effort. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 35(2), 132-143.

CBE

Cooke A, Kavussanu M, McIntyre D, Ring C. 2013. The Effects of Individual and Team Competitions on Performance, Emotions, and Effort. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 35(2):132-143.

MLA

Cooke, Andrew et al. "The Effects of Individual and Team Competitions on Performance, Emotions, and Effort". Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2013, 35(2). 132-143.

VancouverVancouver

Cooke A, Kavussanu M, McIntyre D, Ring C. The Effects of Individual and Team Competitions on Performance, Emotions, and Effort. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2013 Apr 1;35(2):132-143.

Author

Cooke, Andrew ; Kavussanu, M. ; McIntyre, D. ; Ring, C. / The Effects of Individual and Team Competitions on Performance, Emotions, and Effort. Yn: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2013 ; Cyfrol 35, Rhif 2. tt. 132-143.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Effects of Individual and Team Competitions on Performance, Emotions, and Effort

AU - Cooke, Andrew

AU - Kavussanu, M.

AU - McIntyre, D.

AU - Ring, C.

PY - 2013/4/1

Y1 - 2013/4/1

N2 - It is well documented that competition can affect performance and emotion in sport. However, our understanding of the comparative effects of individual and team competitions on performance and emotion is limited. We also know little about emotion-based mechanisms underlying the effects of different types of competition on performance. To address these issues, 64 participants completed a handgrip endurance task during time-trial, one-on-one, two-on-two, and four-on-four competitions while self-report and possible corroborative physiological measures of enjoyment, anxiety, and effort were assessed. Results indicated that performance, enjoyment, anxiety, and effort increased from individual to team competitions. The observed increases in performance were mediated by increased enjoyment and effort. Our findings illustrate differential effects of individual and team competitions on performance and emotion. Moreover, they indicate that both enjoyment-based and anxiety-based mechanisms can explain changes in performance among different types of individual and team competition.

AB - It is well documented that competition can affect performance and emotion in sport. However, our understanding of the comparative effects of individual and team competitions on performance and emotion is limited. We also know little about emotion-based mechanisms underlying the effects of different types of competition on performance. To address these issues, 64 participants completed a handgrip endurance task during time-trial, one-on-one, two-on-two, and four-on-four competitions while self-report and possible corroborative physiological measures of enjoyment, anxiety, and effort were assessed. Results indicated that performance, enjoyment, anxiety, and effort increased from individual to team competitions. The observed increases in performance were mediated by increased enjoyment and effort. Our findings illustrate differential effects of individual and team competitions on performance and emotion. Moreover, they indicate that both enjoyment-based and anxiety-based mechanisms can explain changes in performance among different types of individual and team competition.

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 132

EP - 143

JO - Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

JF - Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

SN - 0895-2779

IS - 2

ER -