This chapter addresses the many factors which have influenced the re-use and recycling of wood in the UK over approximately a 20 year period to 2015. Drawing on a wide range of reports and data for the sector, the main trends are described. These include early adoption of standards for the quality of recycled wood in the particleboard industry, clear segregation of waste wood by origin and level of expected contamination, and more recently, the development of the biomass energy market. The construction sector presents several challenges when reclaiming, re-using or recycling timber, however, significant progress has been made by the introduced legislation, and through initiatives, best practice and the development of waste transfer stations and businesses utilising waste wood. Further avenues of research and emerging technologies are also discussed.