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Dangosydd eitem ddigidol (DOI)

  • Adham Ashton-Butt
    University of Southampton
  • Anak A. K. Aryawan
    SMART Research Institute, Jalan Teuku Umar, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
  • Amelia S. C. Hood
    University of Cambridge
  • Mohammad Naim
    SMART Research Institute, Jalan Teuku Umar, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
  • Dedi Purnomo
    SMART Research Institute, Jalan Teuku Umar, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
  • Suhardi
    SMART Research Institute, Jalan Teuku Umar, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
  • Resti Wahyuningsih
    SMART Research Institute, Jalan Teuku Umar, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
  • Simon Willcock
  • Guy M. Poppy
    University of Southampton
  • Jean-Pierre Caliman
    SMART Research Institute, Jalan Teuku Umar, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
  • Edgar C. Turner
    University of Cambridge
  • William A. Foster
    SMART Research Institute, Jalan Teuku Umar, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
  • Kelvin S. -H. Peh
    University of SouthamptonUniversity of Cambridge
  • Jake L. Snaddon
    University of Southampton
Oil palm is the most productive vegetable oil crop per unit area and is crucial to the economy of developing countries such as Malaysia and Indonesia. However, it is also highly controversial due to the impact it has on biodiversity. Inputs of herbicides to control understory vegetation in plantations are high, which is likely to harm native biodiversity, but may be unnecessary in protecting oil palm yield. In this study we investigate the effects of understory manipulation using herbicides on soil fauna, litter decomposition rates and soil abiotic variables: pH, soil organic carbon, soil water content, nitrogen, carbon/nitrogen ratio, potassium and phosphorous. Understory vegetation was manipulated in three treatments: enhanced understory complexity (no herbicides, developed understory), normal understory complexity (intermediate herbicide use with some manual removal) and reduced understory complexity (heavy herbicide use, no understory vegetation). Two years after treatment, soil macrofauna diversity was higher in the enhanced than the normal and reduced understory treatment. Furthermore, both macrofauna abundance and litter decomposition was higher in the enhanced than the reduced understory treatment. By contrast, soil fertility did not change between treatments, perhaps indicating there is little competition between oil palms and understory vegetation. The reduction of herbicide use should be encouraged in oil palm plantations, this will not only reduce plantation costs, but improve soil biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Nifer y tudalennau32
CyfnodolynFrontiers in Forests and Global Change
Cyfrol1
Rhif y cyfnodolyn10
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 14 Rhag 2018

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