The first international Collaboration for Environmental Evidence (CEE) conference took place in August 2016 at the
Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm with nearly 100 participants from 14 countries. This conference
reflected and contributed to the growth of a global network of people interested in the production and use of
evidence syntheses in environmental management. The conference also provided an opportunity to identify emerging
themes and reflect on those ideas and perspectives to help direct future activities of the CEE and the broader
community. An increasingly engaged community of practice was evident but there is uneven distribution of experience,
resources, capacity, and commitment to evidence synthesis in different sectors and regions. There is much
opportunity to bring academics, practitioners, and other partners together which will help to further demonstrate
impact of evidence synthesis activities and enhance relevance. As the discipline evolves there is growing interest in
rapid evidence synthesis but the benefits and risks of that approach remain unclear. There was also a recognition that
improvements in empirical science will enhance the likelihood that more studies can be fully exploited as part of
evidence synthesis. There are opportunities for capacity building, engaging the next generation (e.g., students), and
enhancing connections within and beyond the CEE community to advance evidence-based environmental management.
It is our desire that this paper will serve as a template for future CEE activities (i.e., where to invest resources) but
also as an invitation to those that were unable to attend to participate in CEE and the evidence-based environmental
management movement in whichever ways resonate with them.