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The synthesis, characterisation, and device performance of a series of cyclopentadithiophene (CPDT)-naphthalenediimide (NDI) donor-acceptor-donor (D-A-D) polymers is reported. The monomers with various alkyl chains are synthesised via direct arylation using palladium complex catalyst. The monomers are then polymerised by oxidative polymerisation using FeCl3 to provide high molecular weight polymers (Mn = 21,800–76,000). The polymer films show deep-red absorption including near-infrared region up to 1100 nm to give optical bandgap of approximately 1.16 eV. The polymers exhibit only n-type semiconducting properties giving the highest electron mobility of 9 × 10-3 cm2 V−1 s−1 in organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). Organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices are fabricated from solutions of the polymers as acceptors and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) as a donor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-528
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2014
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