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Development of an evidence-based complex intervention for community rehabilitation of patients with hip fracture using realist review, survey and focus groups. / Roberts, Jessica Louise; Din, Nafees Ud; Williams, Michelle; Hawkes, Claire; Charles, Joanna ; Hoare, Zoe; Morrison, Val; Alexander, Swapna; Lemmey, Andrew; Sackley, Catherine; Logan, Phillipa; Wilkinson, Clare; Rycroft-Malone, Jo; Williams, Nefyn .

In: BMJ Open, Vol. 7, No. 10, e014362, 11.10.2017.

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Roberts, Jessica Louise ; Din, Nafees Ud ; Williams, Michelle ; Hawkes, Claire ; Charles, Joanna ; Hoare, Zoe ; Morrison, Val ; Alexander, Swapna ; Lemmey, Andrew ; Sackley, Catherine ; Logan, Phillipa ; Wilkinson, Clare ; Rycroft-Malone, Jo ; Williams, Nefyn . / Development of an evidence-based complex intervention for community rehabilitation of patients with hip fracture using realist review, survey and focus groups. In: BMJ Open. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 10.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of an evidence-based complex intervention for community rehabilitation of patients with hip fracture using realist review, survey and focus groups

AU - Roberts, Jessica Louise

AU - Din, Nafees Ud

AU - Williams, Michelle

AU - Hawkes, Claire

AU - Charles, Joanna

AU - Hoare, Zoe

AU - Morrison, Val

AU - Alexander, Swapna

AU - Lemmey, Andrew

AU - Sackley, Catherine

AU - Logan, Phillipa

AU - Wilkinson, Clare

AU - Rycroft-Malone, Jo

AU - Williams, Nefyn

N1 - © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

PY - 2017/10/11

Y1 - 2017/10/11

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To develop an evidence and theory-based complex intervention for improving outcomes in elderly patients following hip fracture.DESIGN: Complex-intervention development (Medical Research Council (MRC) framework phase I) using realist literature review, surveys and focus groups of patients and rehabilitation teams.SETTING: North Wales.PARTICIPANTS: Surveys of therapy managers (n=13), community and hospital-based physiotherapists (n=129) and occupational therapists (n=68) throughout the UK. Focus groups with patients (n=13), their carers (n=4) and members of the multidisciplinary rehabilitation teams in North Wales (n=13).RESULTS: The realist review provided understanding of how rehabilitation interventions work in the real-world context and three programme theories were developed: improving patient engagement by tailoring the intervention to individual needs; reducing fear of falling and improving self-efficacy to exercise and perform activities of daily living; and coordination of rehabilitation delivery. The survey provided context about usual rehabilitation practice; focus groups provided data on the experience, acceptability and feasibility of rehabilitation interventions. An intervention to enhance usual rehabilitation was developed to target these theory areas comprising: a physical component consisting of six additional therapy sessions; and a psychological component consisting of a workbook to enhance self-efficacy and a patient-held goal-setting diary for self-monitoring.CONCLUSIONS: A realist approach may have advantages in the development of evidence-based interventions and can be used in conjunction with other established methods to contribute to the development of potentially more effective interventions. A rehabilitation intervention was developed which can be tested in a future randomised controlled trial (MRC framework phases II and III).TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN22464643, Pre-results.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To develop an evidence and theory-based complex intervention for improving outcomes in elderly patients following hip fracture.DESIGN: Complex-intervention development (Medical Research Council (MRC) framework phase I) using realist literature review, surveys and focus groups of patients and rehabilitation teams.SETTING: North Wales.PARTICIPANTS: Surveys of therapy managers (n=13), community and hospital-based physiotherapists (n=129) and occupational therapists (n=68) throughout the UK. Focus groups with patients (n=13), their carers (n=4) and members of the multidisciplinary rehabilitation teams in North Wales (n=13).RESULTS: The realist review provided understanding of how rehabilitation interventions work in the real-world context and three programme theories were developed: improving patient engagement by tailoring the intervention to individual needs; reducing fear of falling and improving self-efficacy to exercise and perform activities of daily living; and coordination of rehabilitation delivery. The survey provided context about usual rehabilitation practice; focus groups provided data on the experience, acceptability and feasibility of rehabilitation interventions. An intervention to enhance usual rehabilitation was developed to target these theory areas comprising: a physical component consisting of six additional therapy sessions; and a psychological component consisting of a workbook to enhance self-efficacy and a patient-held goal-setting diary for self-monitoring.CONCLUSIONS: A realist approach may have advantages in the development of evidence-based interventions and can be used in conjunction with other established methods to contribute to the development of potentially more effective interventions. A rehabilitation intervention was developed which can be tested in a future randomised controlled trial (MRC framework phases II and III).TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN22464643, Pre-results.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014362

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014362

M3 - Article

C2 - 29025824

VL - 7

JO - BMJ Open

JF - BMJ Open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 10

M1 - e014362

ER -