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Differential procoagulant effects of saw-scaled viper (Serpentes: Viperidae: Echis) snake venoms on human plasma and the narrow taxonomic ranges of antivenom efficacies. / Aymeric, Rogalski; Soerensen, Christoffer; op den Brouw, Bianca; Lister, Callum; Dashevsky, Daniel; Arbuckle, Kevin; Gloria, Alexandra; Zdenek, Christina; Casewell, Nicholas R.; Gutiérrez, José Maria; Wuster, Wolfgang; Ali, Syed A.; Masci, Paul; Rowley, Paul; Frank, Nathaniel; Fry, Bryan G.

In: Toxicology Letters, Vol. 280, No. 159-170, 05.10.2017, p. 159-170.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HarvardHarvard

Aymeric, R, Soerensen, C, op den Brouw, B, Lister, C, Dashevsky, D, Arbuckle, K, Gloria, A, Zdenek, C, Casewell, NR, Gutiérrez, JM, Wuster, W, Ali, SA, Masci, P, Rowley, P, Frank, N & Fry, BG 2017, 'Differential procoagulant effects of saw-scaled viper (Serpentes: Viperidae: Echis) snake venoms on human plasma and the narrow taxonomic ranges of antivenom efficacies', Toxicology Letters, vol. 280, no. 159-170, pp. 159-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2017.08.020

APA

Aymeric, R., Soerensen, C., op den Brouw, B., Lister, C., Dashevsky, D., Arbuckle, K., Gloria, A., Zdenek, C., Casewell, N. R., Gutiérrez, J. M., Wuster, W., Ali, S. A., Masci, P., Rowley, P., Frank, N., & Fry, B. G. (2017). Differential procoagulant effects of saw-scaled viper (Serpentes: Viperidae: Echis) snake venoms on human plasma and the narrow taxonomic ranges of antivenom efficacies. Toxicology Letters, 280(159-170), 159-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2017.08.020

CBE

Aymeric R, Soerensen C, op den Brouw B, Lister C, Dashevsky D, Arbuckle K, Gloria A, Zdenek C, Casewell NR, Gutiérrez JM, Wuster W, Ali SA, Masci P, Rowley P, Frank N, Fry BG. 2017. Differential procoagulant effects of saw-scaled viper (Serpentes: Viperidae: Echis) snake venoms on human plasma and the narrow taxonomic ranges of antivenom efficacies. Toxicology Letters. 280(159-170):159-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2017.08.020

MLA

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Author

Aymeric, Rogalski ; Soerensen, Christoffer ; op den Brouw, Bianca ; Lister, Callum ; Dashevsky, Daniel ; Arbuckle, Kevin ; Gloria, Alexandra ; Zdenek, Christina ; Casewell, Nicholas R. ; Gutiérrez, José Maria ; Wuster, Wolfgang ; Ali, Syed A. ; Masci, Paul ; Rowley, Paul ; Frank, Nathaniel ; Fry, Bryan G. / Differential procoagulant effects of saw-scaled viper (Serpentes: Viperidae: Echis) snake venoms on human plasma and the narrow taxonomic ranges of antivenom efficacies. In: Toxicology Letters. 2017 ; Vol. 280, No. 159-170. pp. 159-170.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differential procoagulant effects of saw-scaled viper (Serpentes: Viperidae: Echis) snake venoms on human plasma and the narrow taxonomic ranges of antivenom efficacies

AU - Aymeric, Rogalski

AU - Soerensen, Christoffer

AU - op den Brouw, Bianca

AU - Lister, Callum

AU - Dashevsky, Daniel

AU - Arbuckle, Kevin

AU - Gloria, Alexandra

AU - Zdenek, Christina

AU - Casewell, Nicholas R.

AU - Gutiérrez, José Maria

AU - Wuster, Wolfgang

AU - Ali, Syed A.

AU - Masci, Paul

AU - Rowley, Paul

AU - Frank, Nathaniel

AU - Fry, Bryan G.

PY - 2017/10/5

Y1 - 2017/10/5

N2 - Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and vast regions of Asia, constituting a public health burden exceeding that of almost any other snake genus globally. Venom-induced consumption coagulopathy, owing to the action of potent procoagulant toxins, is one of the most relevant clinical manifestations of envenomings by Echis spp. Clinical experience and prior studies examining a limited range of venoms and restricted antivenoms have demonstrated for some antivenoms an extreme lack of antivenom cross-reactivity between different species of this genus, sometimes resulting in catastrophic treatment failure. This study undertook the most comprehensive testing of Echis venom effects upon the coagulation of human plasma, and also the broadest examination of antivenom potency and cross-reactivity, to-date. 10 Echis species/populations and four antivenoms (two African, two Asian) were studied. The results indicate that the venoms are, in general, potently procoagulant but that the relative dependence on calcium or phospholipid cofactors is highly variable. Additionally, three out of the four antivenoms tested demonstrated only a very narrow taxonomic range of effectiveness in preventing coagulopathy, with only the SAIMR antivenom displaying significant levels of cross-reactivity. These results were in conflict with previous studies using prolonged preincubation of antivenom with venom to suggest effective crossreactivity levels for the ICP Echi-Tab antivenom. These findings both inform upon potential clinical effects of envenomation in humans and highlight the extreme limitations of available treatment. It is hoped that this will spur efforts into the development of antivenoms with more comprehensive coverage for bites not only from wildsnakes but also from specimens widely kept in zoological collections.

AB - Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and vast regions of Asia, constituting a public health burden exceeding that of almost any other snake genus globally. Venom-induced consumption coagulopathy, owing to the action of potent procoagulant toxins, is one of the most relevant clinical manifestations of envenomings by Echis spp. Clinical experience and prior studies examining a limited range of venoms and restricted antivenoms have demonstrated for some antivenoms an extreme lack of antivenom cross-reactivity between different species of this genus, sometimes resulting in catastrophic treatment failure. This study undertook the most comprehensive testing of Echis venom effects upon the coagulation of human plasma, and also the broadest examination of antivenom potency and cross-reactivity, to-date. 10 Echis species/populations and four antivenoms (two African, two Asian) were studied. The results indicate that the venoms are, in general, potently procoagulant but that the relative dependence on calcium or phospholipid cofactors is highly variable. Additionally, three out of the four antivenoms tested demonstrated only a very narrow taxonomic range of effectiveness in preventing coagulopathy, with only the SAIMR antivenom displaying significant levels of cross-reactivity. These results were in conflict with previous studies using prolonged preincubation of antivenom with venom to suggest effective crossreactivity levels for the ICP Echi-Tab antivenom. These findings both inform upon potential clinical effects of envenomation in humans and highlight the extreme limitations of available treatment. It is hoped that this will spur efforts into the development of antivenoms with more comprehensive coverage for bites not only from wildsnakes but also from specimens widely kept in zoological collections.

KW - Procoagulation

KW - Disseminated intravascular coagulation

KW - Venom

KW - Antivenom

KW - Prothrombin

KW - Snake venom metalloprotease

U2 - 10.1016/j.toxlet.2017.08.020

DO - 10.1016/j.toxlet.2017.08.020

M3 - Article

VL - 280

SP - 159

EP - 170

JO - Toxicology Letters

JF - Toxicology Letters

SN - 0378-4274

IS - 159-170

ER -