Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Electronic versions

Disinformation refers to various propaganda techniques primarily associated with intelligence agencies’ manipulative activities directed at foreign countries and with military tactics directed at the enemy during wartime (where they form part of psychological warfare). Leaving aside military activities, this entry discusses disinformation associated with intelligence agencies. Locating these techniques within intelligence agencies’ three primary agenda-building strategies of secrecy, censorship, and propaganda helps highlight how comparatively little is known about disinformation. Recent leaks by national security whistle-blowers have significantly expanded our knowledge of contemporary disinformation techniques but raise ethical dilemmas for researchers.


  • disinformation, intelligence agencies
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe SAGE Encyclopedia of War
Subtitle of host publicationSocial Science Perspectives
EditorsPaul Joseph
Place of PublicationThousand Oaks
ISBN (Electronic)9781483359878
ISBN (Print)9781483359892
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2016
View graph of relations