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Does legislation to prevent alcohol sales to drunk individuals work? Measuring the propensity for night-time sales to drunks in a UK city. / Hughes, K.; Bellis, M.A.; Leckenby, N.; Quigg, Z.; Hardcastle, K.; Sharples, O.; Llewellyn, D.J.

In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 68, 15.01.2014, p. 453-456.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HarvardHarvard

Hughes, K, Bellis, MA, Leckenby, N, Quigg, Z, Hardcastle, K, Sharples, O & Llewellyn, DJ 2014, 'Does legislation to prevent alcohol sales to drunk individuals work? Measuring the propensity for night-time sales to drunks in a UK city', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 68, pp. 453-456. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-203287

APA

Hughes, K., Bellis, M. A., Leckenby, N., Quigg, Z., Hardcastle, K., Sharples, O., & Llewellyn, D. J. (2014). Does legislation to prevent alcohol sales to drunk individuals work? Measuring the propensity for night-time sales to drunks in a UK city. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 68, 453-456. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-203287

CBE

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Leckenby N, Quigg Z, Hardcastle K, Sharples O, Llewellyn DJ. 2014. Does legislation to prevent alcohol sales to drunk individuals work? Measuring the propensity for night-time sales to drunks in a UK city. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 68:453-456. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-203287

MLA

VancouverVancouver

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Leckenby N, Quigg Z, Hardcastle K, Sharples O et al. Does legislation to prevent alcohol sales to drunk individuals work? Measuring the propensity for night-time sales to drunks in a UK city. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2014 Jan 15;68:453-456. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-203287

Author

Hughes, K. ; Bellis, M.A. ; Leckenby, N. ; Quigg, Z. ; Hardcastle, K. ; Sharples, O. ; Llewellyn, D.J. / Does legislation to prevent alcohol sales to drunk individuals work? Measuring the propensity for night-time sales to drunks in a UK city. In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2014 ; Vol. 68. pp. 453-456.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does legislation to prevent alcohol sales to drunk individuals work? Measuring the propensity for night-time sales to drunks in a UK city

AU - Hughes, K.

AU - Bellis, M.A.

AU - Leckenby, N.

AU - Quigg, Z.

AU - Hardcastle, K.

AU - Sharples, O.

AU - Llewellyn, D.J.

PY - 2014/1/15

Y1 - 2014/1/15

N2 - Background By measuring alcohol retailers’ propensity to illegally sell alcohol to young people who appear highly intoxicated, we examine whether UK legislation is effective at preventing health harms resulting from drunk individuals continuing to access alcohol. Methods 73 randomly selected pubs, bars and nightclubs in a city in North West England were subjected to an alcohol purchase test by pseudo-drunk actors. Observers recorded venue characteristics to identify poorly managed and problematic (PMP) bars. Results 83.6% of purchase attempts resulted in a sale of alcohol to a pseudo-intoxicated actor. Alcohol sales increased with the number of PMP markers bars had, yet even in those with no markers, 66.7% of purchase attempts resulted in a sale. Bar servers often recognised signs of drunkenness in actors, but still served them. In 18% of alcohol sales, servers attempted to up-sell by suggesting actors purchase double rather than single vodkas. Conclusions UK law preventing sales of alcohol to drunks is routinely broken in nightlife environments, yet prosecutions are rare. Nightlife drunkenness places enormous burdens on health and health services. Preventing alcohol sales to drunks should be a public health priority, while policy failures on issues, such as alcohol pricing, are revisited.

AB - Background By measuring alcohol retailers’ propensity to illegally sell alcohol to young people who appear highly intoxicated, we examine whether UK legislation is effective at preventing health harms resulting from drunk individuals continuing to access alcohol. Methods 73 randomly selected pubs, bars and nightclubs in a city in North West England were subjected to an alcohol purchase test by pseudo-drunk actors. Observers recorded venue characteristics to identify poorly managed and problematic (PMP) bars. Results 83.6% of purchase attempts resulted in a sale of alcohol to a pseudo-intoxicated actor. Alcohol sales increased with the number of PMP markers bars had, yet even in those with no markers, 66.7% of purchase attempts resulted in a sale. Bar servers often recognised signs of drunkenness in actors, but still served them. In 18% of alcohol sales, servers attempted to up-sell by suggesting actors purchase double rather than single vodkas. Conclusions UK law preventing sales of alcohol to drunks is routinely broken in nightlife environments, yet prosecutions are rare. Nightlife drunkenness places enormous burdens on health and health services. Preventing alcohol sales to drunks should be a public health priority, while policy failures on issues, such as alcohol pricing, are revisited.

U2 - 10.1136/jech-2013-203287

DO - 10.1136/jech-2013-203287

M3 - Article

VL - 68

SP - 453

EP - 456

JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

JF - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

SN - 0143-005X

ER -