From solid solution to cluster formation of Fe and Cr in alpha-Zr

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From solid solution to cluster formation of Fe and Cr in alpha-Zr. / Burr, P. A.; Wenman, M. R.; Gault, B.; Moody, M. P.; Ivermark, M.; Rushton, M. J. D.; Preuss, M.; Edwards, L.; Grimes, R. W.

In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 467, No. 1, 01.12.2015, p. 320-331.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HarvardHarvard

Burr, PA, Wenman, MR, Gault, B, Moody, MP, Ivermark, M, Rushton, MJD, Preuss, M, Edwards, L & Grimes, RW 2015, 'From solid solution to cluster formation of Fe and Cr in alpha-Zr', Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 467, no. 1, pp. 320-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.10.001

APA

Burr, P. A., Wenman, M. R., Gault, B., Moody, M. P., Ivermark, M., Rushton, M. J. D., Preuss, M., Edwards, L., & Grimes, R. W. (2015). From solid solution to cluster formation of Fe and Cr in alpha-Zr. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 467(1), 320-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.10.001

CBE

Burr PA, Wenman MR, Gault B, Moody MP, Ivermark M, Rushton MJD, Preuss M, Edwards L, Grimes RW. 2015. From solid solution to cluster formation of Fe and Cr in alpha-Zr. Journal of Nuclear Materials. 467(1):320-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.10.001

MLA

VancouverVancouver

Burr PA, Wenman MR, Gault B, Moody MP, Ivermark M, Rushton MJD et al. From solid solution to cluster formation of Fe and Cr in alpha-Zr. Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2015 Dec 1;467(1):320-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.10.001

Author

Burr, P. A. ; Wenman, M. R. ; Gault, B. ; Moody, M. P. ; Ivermark, M. ; Rushton, M. J. D. ; Preuss, M. ; Edwards, L. ; Grimes, R. W. / From solid solution to cluster formation of Fe and Cr in alpha-Zr. In: Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2015 ; Vol. 467, No. 1. pp. 320-331.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - From solid solution to cluster formation of Fe and Cr in alpha-Zr

AU - Burr, P. A.

AU - Wenman, M. R.

AU - Gault, B.

AU - Moody, M. P.

AU - Ivermark, M.

AU - Rushton, M. J. D.

AU - Preuss, M.

AU - Edwards, L.

AU - Grimes, R. W.

PY - 2015/12/1

Y1 - 2015/12/1

N2 - To understand the mechanisms by which the re-solution of Fe and Cr additions increase the corrosion rate of irradiated Zr alloys, the solubility and clustering of Fe and Cr in model binary Zr alloys was investigated using a combination of experimental and modelling techniques d atom probe tomography (APT), x-ray diffraction (XRD), thermoelectric power (TEP) and density functional theory (DFT). Cr occupies both interstitial and substitutional sites in the alpha-Zr lattice; Fe favours interstitial sites, and a lowsymmetry site that was not previously modelled is found to be the most favourable for Fe. Lattice expansion as a function of Fe and Cr content in the alpha-Zr matrix deviates from Vegard's law and is strongly anisotropic for Fe additions, expanding the c-axis while contracting the a-axis. Matrix content of solutes cannot be reliably estimated from lattice parameter measurements, instead a combination of TEP and APT was employed. Defect clusters form at higher solution concentrations, which induce a smaller lattice strain compared to the dilute defects. In the presence of a Zr vacancy, all two-atom clusters are more soluble than individual point defects and as many as four Fe or three Cr atoms could be accommodated in a single Zr vacancy. The Zr vacancy is critical for the increased apparent solubility of defect clusters; the implications for irradiation induced microstructure changes in Zr alloys are discussed. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - To understand the mechanisms by which the re-solution of Fe and Cr additions increase the corrosion rate of irradiated Zr alloys, the solubility and clustering of Fe and Cr in model binary Zr alloys was investigated using a combination of experimental and modelling techniques d atom probe tomography (APT), x-ray diffraction (XRD), thermoelectric power (TEP) and density functional theory (DFT). Cr occupies both interstitial and substitutional sites in the alpha-Zr lattice; Fe favours interstitial sites, and a lowsymmetry site that was not previously modelled is found to be the most favourable for Fe. Lattice expansion as a function of Fe and Cr content in the alpha-Zr matrix deviates from Vegard's law and is strongly anisotropic for Fe additions, expanding the c-axis while contracting the a-axis. Matrix content of solutes cannot be reliably estimated from lattice parameter measurements, instead a combination of TEP and APT was employed. Defect clusters form at higher solution concentrations, which induce a smaller lattice strain compared to the dilute defects. In the presence of a Zr vacancy, all two-atom clusters are more soluble than individual point defects and as many as four Fe or three Cr atoms could be accommodated in a single Zr vacancy. The Zr vacancy is critical for the increased apparent solubility of defect clusters; the implications for irradiation induced microstructure changes in Zr alloys are discussed. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.10.001

DO - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.10.001

M3 - Article

VL - 467

SP - 320

EP - 331

JO - Journal of Nuclear Materials

JF - Journal of Nuclear Materials

SN - 0022-3115

IS - 1

ER -