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Impact of long-term nitrogen deposition on the response of dune grassland ecosystems to elevated summer ozone. / Hayes, Felicity; Lloyd, Bethan; Mills, Gina; Jones, Laurence; Dore, Anthony J.; Carnell, Edward; Vieno, Massimo; Dise, Nancy; Fenner, Nathalie.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 253, 01.10.2019, p. 821-830.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HarvardHarvard

Hayes, F, Lloyd, B, Mills, G, Jones, L, Dore, AJ, Carnell, E, Vieno, M, Dise, N & Fenner, N 2019, 'Impact of long-term nitrogen deposition on the response of dune grassland ecosystems to elevated summer ozone', Environmental Pollution, vol. 253, pp. 821-830. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.07.088

APA

Hayes, F., Lloyd, B., Mills, G., Jones, L., Dore, A. J., Carnell, E., Vieno, M., Dise, N., & Fenner, N. (2019). Impact of long-term nitrogen deposition on the response of dune grassland ecosystems to elevated summer ozone. Environmental Pollution, 253, 821-830. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.07.088

CBE

Hayes F, Lloyd B, Mills G, Jones L, Dore AJ, Carnell E, Vieno M, Dise N, Fenner N. 2019. Impact of long-term nitrogen deposition on the response of dune grassland ecosystems to elevated summer ozone. Environmental Pollution. 253:821-830. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.07.088

MLA

VancouverVancouver

Hayes F, Lloyd B, Mills G, Jones L, Dore AJ, Carnell E et al. Impact of long-term nitrogen deposition on the response of dune grassland ecosystems to elevated summer ozone. Environmental Pollution. 2019 Oct 1;253:821-830. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.07.088

Author

Hayes, Felicity ; Lloyd, Bethan ; Mills, Gina ; Jones, Laurence ; Dore, Anthony J. ; Carnell, Edward ; Vieno, Massimo ; Dise, Nancy ; Fenner, Nathalie. / Impact of long-term nitrogen deposition on the response of dune grassland ecosystems to elevated summer ozone. In: Environmental Pollution. 2019 ; Vol. 253. pp. 821-830.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of long-term nitrogen deposition on the response of dune grassland ecosystems to elevated summer ozone

AU - Hayes, Felicity

AU - Lloyd, Bethan

AU - Mills, Gina

AU - Jones, Laurence

AU - Dore, Anthony J.

AU - Carnell, Edward

AU - Vieno, Massimo

AU - Dise, Nancy

AU - Fenner, Nathalie

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Nitrogen deposition and tropospheric ozone are important drivers of vegetation damage, but their interactive effects are poorly understood. This study assessed whether long-term nitrogen deposition altered sensitivity to ozone in a semi-natural vegetation community. Mesocosms were collected from sand dune grassland in the UK along a nitrogen gradient (5–25 kg N/ha/y, including two plots from a long-term experiment), and fumigated for 2.5 months to simulate medium and high ozone exposure. Ozone damage to leaves was quantified for 20 ozone-sensitive species. Soil solution dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and soil extracellular enzymes were measured to investigate secondary effects on soil processes.Mesocosms from sites receiving the highest N deposition showed the least ozone-related leaf damage, while those from the least N-polluted sites were the most damaged by ozone. This was due to differences in community-level sensitivity, rather than species-level impacts. The N-polluted sites contained fewer ozone-sensitive forbs and sedges, and a higher proportion of comparatively ozone-resistant grasses. This difference in the vegetation composition of mesocosms in relation to N deposition conveyed differential resilience to ozone.Mesocosms in the highest ozone treatment showed elevated soil solution DOC with increasing site N deposition. This suggests that, despite showing relatively little leaf damage, the ‘ozone resilient’ vegetation community may still sustain physiological damage through reduced capacity to assimilate photosynthate, with its subsequent loss as DOC through the roots into the soil.We conclude that for dune grassland habitats, the regions of highest risk to ozone exposure are those that have received the lowest level of long-term nitrogen deposition. This highlights the importance of considering community- and ecosystem-scale impacts of pollutants in addition to impacts on individual species. It also underscores the need for protection of ‘clean’ habitats from air pollution and other environmental stressors.

AB - Nitrogen deposition and tropospheric ozone are important drivers of vegetation damage, but their interactive effects are poorly understood. This study assessed whether long-term nitrogen deposition altered sensitivity to ozone in a semi-natural vegetation community. Mesocosms were collected from sand dune grassland in the UK along a nitrogen gradient (5–25 kg N/ha/y, including two plots from a long-term experiment), and fumigated for 2.5 months to simulate medium and high ozone exposure. Ozone damage to leaves was quantified for 20 ozone-sensitive species. Soil solution dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and soil extracellular enzymes were measured to investigate secondary effects on soil processes.Mesocosms from sites receiving the highest N deposition showed the least ozone-related leaf damage, while those from the least N-polluted sites were the most damaged by ozone. This was due to differences in community-level sensitivity, rather than species-level impacts. The N-polluted sites contained fewer ozone-sensitive forbs and sedges, and a higher proportion of comparatively ozone-resistant grasses. This difference in the vegetation composition of mesocosms in relation to N deposition conveyed differential resilience to ozone.Mesocosms in the highest ozone treatment showed elevated soil solution DOC with increasing site N deposition. This suggests that, despite showing relatively little leaf damage, the ‘ozone resilient’ vegetation community may still sustain physiological damage through reduced capacity to assimilate photosynthate, with its subsequent loss as DOC through the roots into the soil.We conclude that for dune grassland habitats, the regions of highest risk to ozone exposure are those that have received the lowest level of long-term nitrogen deposition. This highlights the importance of considering community- and ecosystem-scale impacts of pollutants in addition to impacts on individual species. It also underscores the need for protection of ‘clean’ habitats from air pollution and other environmental stressors.

U2 - 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.07.088

DO - 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.07.088

M3 - Article

VL - 253

SP - 821

EP - 830

JO - Environmental Pollution

JF - Environmental Pollution

SN - 0269-7491

ER -