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Influence of Vitamin D Supplementation by Simulated Sunlight or Oral D3 on Respiratory Infection during Military Training. / Harrison, Sophie; Oliver, Sam; Kashi, Daniel; Carswell, Alexander; Edwards, Jason; Wentz, Laurel; Roberts, Ross; Tang, Jonathan ; Izard, Rachel; Jackson, Sarah ; Allan, Donald ; Rhodes, Lesley; Fraser, William; Greeves, Julie; Walsh, Neil.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 53, No. 7, 01.07.2021, p. 1505-1516.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HarvardHarvard

Harrison, S, Oliver, S, Kashi, D, Carswell, A, Edwards, J, Wentz, L, Roberts, R, Tang, J, Izard, R, Jackson, S, Allan, D, Rhodes, L, Fraser, W, Greeves, J & Walsh, N 2021, 'Influence of Vitamin D Supplementation by Simulated Sunlight or Oral D3 on Respiratory Infection during Military Training', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 1505-1516. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000002604

APA

Harrison, S., Oliver, S., Kashi, D., Carswell, A., Edwards, J., Wentz, L., Roberts, R., Tang, J., Izard, R., Jackson, S., Allan, D., Rhodes, L., Fraser, W., Greeves, J., & Walsh, N. (2021). Influence of Vitamin D Supplementation by Simulated Sunlight or Oral D3 on Respiratory Infection during Military Training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 53(7), 1505-1516. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000002604

CBE

Harrison S, Oliver S, Kashi D, Carswell A, Edwards J, Wentz L, Roberts R, Tang J, Izard R, Jackson S, Allan D, Rhodes L, Fraser W, Greeves J, Walsh N. 2021. Influence of Vitamin D Supplementation by Simulated Sunlight or Oral D3 on Respiratory Infection during Military Training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 53(7):1505-1516. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000002604

MLA

VancouverVancouver

Harrison S, Oliver S, Kashi D, Carswell A, Edwards J, Wentz L et al. Influence of Vitamin D Supplementation by Simulated Sunlight or Oral D3 on Respiratory Infection during Military Training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2021 Jul 1;53(7):1505-1516. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000002604

Author

Harrison, Sophie ; Oliver, Sam ; Kashi, Daniel ; Carswell, Alexander ; Edwards, Jason ; Wentz, Laurel ; Roberts, Ross ; Tang, Jonathan ; Izard, Rachel ; Jackson, Sarah ; Allan, Donald ; Rhodes, Lesley ; Fraser, William ; Greeves, Julie ; Walsh, Neil. / Influence of Vitamin D Supplementation by Simulated Sunlight or Oral D3 on Respiratory Infection during Military Training. In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2021 ; Vol. 53, No. 7. pp. 1505-1516.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of Vitamin D Supplementation by Simulated Sunlight or Oral D3 on Respiratory Infection during Military Training

AU - Harrison, Sophie

AU - Oliver, Sam

AU - Kashi, Daniel

AU - Carswell, Alexander

AU - Edwards, Jason

AU - Wentz, Laurel

AU - Roberts, Ross

AU - Tang, Jonathan

AU - Izard, Rachel

AU - Jackson, Sarah

AU - Allan, Donald

AU - Rhodes, Lesley

AU - Fraser, William

AU - Greeves, Julie

AU - Walsh, Neil

N1 - Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American College of Sports Medicine.

PY - 2021/7/1

Y1 - 2021/7/1

N2 - PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the relationship between vitamin D status and upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) of physically active men and women across seasons (study 1) and then to investigate the effects on URTI and mucosal immunity of achieving vitamin D sufficiency (25(OH)D ≥50 nmol·L-1) by a unique comparison of safe, simulated sunlight or oral D3 supplementation in winter (study 2).METHODS: In study 1, 1644 military recruits were observed across basic military training. In study 2, a randomized controlled trial, 250 men undertaking military training received placebo, simulated sunlight (1.3× standard erythemal dose, three times per week for 4 wk and then once per week for 8 wk), or oral vitamin D3 (1000 IU·d-1 for 4 wk and then 400 IU·d-1 for 8 wk). URTI was diagnosed by a physician (study 1) and by using the Jackson common cold questionnaire (study 2). Serum 25(OH)D, salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA), and cathelicidin were assessed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry LC-MS/MS and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS: In study 1, only 21% of recruits were vitamin D sufficient during winter. Vitamin D-sufficient recruits were 40% less likely to suffer URTI than recruits with 25(OH)D <50 nmol·L-1 (OR = 0.6, 95% confidence interval = 0.4-0.9), an association that remained after accounting for sex and smoking. Each URTI caused, on average, three missed training days. In study 2, vitamin D supplementation strategies were similarly effective to achieve vitamin D sufficiency in almost all (≥95%). Compared with placebo, vitamin D supplementation reduced the severity of peak URTI symptoms by 15% and days with URTI by 36% (P < 0.05). These reductions were similar with both vitamin D strategies (P > 0.05). Supplementation did not affect salivary secretory immunoglobulin A or cathelicidin.CONCLUSION: Vitamin D sufficiency reduced the URTI burden during military training.

AB - PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the relationship between vitamin D status and upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) of physically active men and women across seasons (study 1) and then to investigate the effects on URTI and mucosal immunity of achieving vitamin D sufficiency (25(OH)D ≥50 nmol·L-1) by a unique comparison of safe, simulated sunlight or oral D3 supplementation in winter (study 2).METHODS: In study 1, 1644 military recruits were observed across basic military training. In study 2, a randomized controlled trial, 250 men undertaking military training received placebo, simulated sunlight (1.3× standard erythemal dose, three times per week for 4 wk and then once per week for 8 wk), or oral vitamin D3 (1000 IU·d-1 for 4 wk and then 400 IU·d-1 for 8 wk). URTI was diagnosed by a physician (study 1) and by using the Jackson common cold questionnaire (study 2). Serum 25(OH)D, salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA), and cathelicidin were assessed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry LC-MS/MS and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS: In study 1, only 21% of recruits were vitamin D sufficient during winter. Vitamin D-sufficient recruits were 40% less likely to suffer URTI than recruits with 25(OH)D <50 nmol·L-1 (OR = 0.6, 95% confidence interval = 0.4-0.9), an association that remained after accounting for sex and smoking. Each URTI caused, on average, three missed training days. In study 2, vitamin D supplementation strategies were similarly effective to achieve vitamin D sufficiency in almost all (≥95%). Compared with placebo, vitamin D supplementation reduced the severity of peak URTI symptoms by 15% and days with URTI by 36% (P < 0.05). These reductions were similar with both vitamin D strategies (P > 0.05). Supplementation did not affect salivary secretory immunoglobulin A or cathelicidin.CONCLUSION: Vitamin D sufficiency reduced the URTI burden during military training.

U2 - https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000002604

DO - https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000002604

M3 - Article

C2 - 33481482

VL - 53

SP - 1505

EP - 1516

JO - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

JF - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

SN - 0195-9131

IS - 7

ER -