Internal tide driven tracer transport across the continental slope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Internal tide driven tracer transport across the continental slope. / Spingys, Carl; Williams, Richard; Hopkins, Joanne; Hall, Rob; Green, Mattias; Sharples, Jonathan.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 125, No. 9, e2019JC015530, 17.09.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HarvardHarvard

Spingys, C, Williams, R, Hopkins, J, Hall, R, Green, M & Sharples, J 2020, 'Internal tide driven tracer transport across the continental slope', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol. 125, no. 9, e2019JC015530. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015530

APA

Spingys, C., Williams, R., Hopkins, J., Hall, R., Green, M., & Sharples, J. (2020). Internal tide driven tracer transport across the continental slope. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125(9), [e2019JC015530]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015530

CBE

Spingys C, Williams R, Hopkins J, Hall R, Green M, Sharples J. 2020. Internal tide driven tracer transport across the continental slope. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 125(9):Article e2019JC015530. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015530

MLA

Spingys, Carl et al. "Internal tide driven tracer transport across the continental slope". Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 2020. 125(9). https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015530

VancouverVancouver

Spingys C, Williams R, Hopkins J, Hall R, Green M, Sharples J. Internal tide driven tracer transport across the continental slope. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 2020 Sep 17;125(9). e2019JC015530. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015530

Author

Spingys, Carl ; Williams, Richard ; Hopkins, Joanne ; Hall, Rob ; Green, Mattias ; Sharples, Jonathan. / Internal tide driven tracer transport across the continental slope. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 2020 ; Vol. 125, No. 9.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Internal tide driven tracer transport across the continental slope

AU - Spingys, Carl

AU - Williams, Richard

AU - Hopkins, Joanne

AU - Hall, Rob

AU - Green, Mattias

AU - Sharples, Jonathan

N1 - Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). Grant Numbers: NE/I030216/1, NE/R015953/1

PY - 2020/9/17

Y1 - 2020/9/17

N2 - The role of the internal tide in driving tracer transport across the continental slope is examined using simplified layered theory, channel model experiments and observational diagnostics of near shelf‐edge moorings. The effect of the internal tide is interpreted in terms of its Stokes' drift, which is separated into two distinct components: a bolus component, driven by the co‐variance of layer thickness and the velocity; and a shear component, driven by the velocity following the movement of an interface. For a three layer ocean, in the model experiments and observations, the onshore propagation of an internal tide drives a Stokes' transport directed onshore in the surface and the bottom layers, and directed offshore in the pycnocline. This reversing structure is due to the bolus component dominating near the boundaries, while the shear component dominates at the pycnocline. In the observational diagnostics, the Stokes' transport is not cancelled by the Eulerian transport, which is mainly directed along bathymetric contours. The Stokes' drift of the internal tide then provides a systematic on shelf tracer transport if there is a tracer sink on the shelf, carried in the surface or bottom layers. Conversely, the tracer transport is directed offshore if there is a tracer source on the shelf with plumes of shelf tracer expected to be carried offshore along the pycnocline. This tracer transport as a result of the internal tide is diagnosed for heat, salt and nitrate. The depth‐integrated nitrate flux is directed onto the shelf supplying nutrients to the productive shelf seas.

AB - The role of the internal tide in driving tracer transport across the continental slope is examined using simplified layered theory, channel model experiments and observational diagnostics of near shelf‐edge moorings. The effect of the internal tide is interpreted in terms of its Stokes' drift, which is separated into two distinct components: a bolus component, driven by the co‐variance of layer thickness and the velocity; and a shear component, driven by the velocity following the movement of an interface. For a three layer ocean, in the model experiments and observations, the onshore propagation of an internal tide drives a Stokes' transport directed onshore in the surface and the bottom layers, and directed offshore in the pycnocline. This reversing structure is due to the bolus component dominating near the boundaries, while the shear component dominates at the pycnocline. In the observational diagnostics, the Stokes' transport is not cancelled by the Eulerian transport, which is mainly directed along bathymetric contours. The Stokes' drift of the internal tide then provides a systematic on shelf tracer transport if there is a tracer sink on the shelf, carried in the surface or bottom layers. Conversely, the tracer transport is directed offshore if there is a tracer source on the shelf with plumes of shelf tracer expected to be carried offshore along the pycnocline. This tracer transport as a result of the internal tide is diagnosed for heat, salt and nitrate. The depth‐integrated nitrate flux is directed onto the shelf supplying nutrients to the productive shelf seas.

KW - exchange

KW - internal tide

KW - moorings

KW - nitrate

KW - shelf edge

KW - Stokes' transport

U2 - 10.1029/2019JC015530

DO - 10.1029/2019JC015530

M3 - Article

VL - 125

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

SN - 2169-9291

IS - 9

M1 - e2019JC015530

ER -