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Interrupted breeding in a songbird migrant triggers development of nocturnal locomotor activity. / Mukhin, Andrey; Kobylkov, Dmitry; Kishkinev, Dmitry; Grinkevich, Vitaly.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, No. 5520, 5520, 03.04.2018.

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Mukhin, Andrey ; Kobylkov, Dmitry ; Kishkinev, Dmitry ; Grinkevich, Vitaly. / Interrupted breeding in a songbird migrant triggers development of nocturnal locomotor activity. In: Scientific Reports. 2018 ; Vol. 8, No. 5520.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Interrupted breeding in a songbird migrant triggers development of nocturnal locomotor activity

AU - Mukhin, Andrey

AU - Kobylkov, Dmitry

AU - Kishkinev, Dmitry

AU - Grinkevich, Vitaly

PY - 2018/4/3

Y1 - 2018/4/3

N2 - Long-distance avian migrants, e.g. Eurasian reed warblers (Acrocephalus scirpaceus), can precisely schedule events of their annual cycle. However, the proximate mechanisms controlling annual cycle and their interplay with environmental factors are poorly understood. We artificially interrupted breeding in reed warblers by bringing them into captivity and recording birds’ locomotor activity for 5–7 days. Over this time, most of the captive birds gradually developed nocturnal locomotor activity not observed in breeding birds. When the birds were later released and radio-tracked, the individuals with highly developed caged activity performed nocturnal flights. We also found that reed warblers kept indoors without access to local cues developed a higher level of nocturnal activity compared to the birds kept outdoors with an access to the familiar environment. Also, birds translocated from a distant site (21 km) had a higher motivation to fly at night-time after release compared to the birds captured within 1 km of a study site. Our study suggests that an interrupted breeding triggers development of nocturnal locomotor activity in cages, and the level of activity is correlated with motivation to perform nocturnal flights in the wild, which can be restrained by familiar environment.

AB - Long-distance avian migrants, e.g. Eurasian reed warblers (Acrocephalus scirpaceus), can precisely schedule events of their annual cycle. However, the proximate mechanisms controlling annual cycle and their interplay with environmental factors are poorly understood. We artificially interrupted breeding in reed warblers by bringing them into captivity and recording birds’ locomotor activity for 5–7 days. Over this time, most of the captive birds gradually developed nocturnal locomotor activity not observed in breeding birds. When the birds were later released and radio-tracked, the individuals with highly developed caged activity performed nocturnal flights. We also found that reed warblers kept indoors without access to local cues developed a higher level of nocturnal activity compared to the birds kept outdoors with an access to the familiar environment. Also, birds translocated from a distant site (21 km) had a higher motivation to fly at night-time after release compared to the birds captured within 1 km of a study site. Our study suggests that an interrupted breeding triggers development of nocturnal locomotor activity in cages, and the level of activity is correlated with motivation to perform nocturnal flights in the wild, which can be restrained by familiar environment.

KW - nocturnality

KW - bird migration

KW - bird navigation

KW - migratory restlessness

KW - interrupted breeding

KW - behavioural ecology

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-018-23834-0

DO - 10.1038/s41598-018-23834-0

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - Scientific Reports

T2 - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 5520

M1 - 5520

ER -