Electronic versions


  • 2019 Oryx-19-SC-0098_Valle_revised_proof_NJC

    Accepted author manuscript, 175 KB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 4/04/20


  • Simon Valle
  • Nigel Collar
    BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK
  • Benjamin Barca
    Royal Society for the Protection of Birds/ Gola Rainforest National Park
  • Patrick Dauda
    Royal Society for the Protection of Birds/ Gola Rainforest National Park
  • Stuart Marsden
    Manchester Metropolitan University
Although both the grey parrot Psittacus erithacus and the recently recognized timneh parrot Psittacus timneh are categorized as Endangered because of harvest for the pet trade and loss of habitat, the latter has a much smaller range
and may be largely restricted to a few stronghold areas. In March–April 2018 we surveyed for a total of 114 hours in and around one of these presumed strongholds, the large and well-protected Gola Rainforest National Park, the
Sierra Leonean portion of the Gola Transboundary Peace Park. Timneh parrots were encountered at a rate of 0.1 groups/h in the National Park and 0.3 in the buffer zone, indicating densities of 1-3 individuals per km2. These figures are similar to recent density estimates from the Liberian side of the Peace Park, suggesting that the transboundary population amounts to c. 2,400 individuals inside the Park and an unknown number in the surrounding areas. Densities of the timneh parrot may be generally low even in strongholds, its numbers may be declining steeply, and the global population size is probably lower than previously believed.


  • Conservation, Encounter rate, Grey Parrot, Psittacus timneh, Sierra Leone, West Africa, wildlife trade
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages3
Early online date4 Oct 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Oct 2019
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