Electronic versions


Background ACE (adverse childhood experience) studies typically examine the links between childhood stressors and adult health harming behaviours. Using an enhanced ACE survey methodology, we examine impacts of ACEs on non-communicable diseases and incorporate a proxy measure of premature mortality in England. Methods A nationally representative survey was undertaken (n = 3885, aged 18–69, April–July 2013). Socio-demographically controlled proportional hazards analyses examined the associations between the number of ACE categories (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-454
JournalJournal of Public Health
Issue number3
Early online date30 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015
View graph of relations