Ocean nutrient pathways associated with passage of a storm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard Standard

Ocean nutrient pathways associated with passage of a storm. / Rumyantseva, A.; Lucas, N.; Rippeth, T.P.; Henson, S.; Martin, A.; Painter, S.

In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 28, No. 8, 16.07.2015, p. 1179–1189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HarvardHarvard

Rumyantseva, A, Lucas, N, Rippeth, TP, Henson, S, Martin, A & Painter, S 2015, 'Ocean nutrient pathways associated with passage of a storm', Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 1179–1189. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GB005097

APA

Rumyantseva, A., Lucas, N., Rippeth, T. P., Henson, S., Martin, A., & Painter, S. (2015). Ocean nutrient pathways associated with passage of a storm. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 28(8), 1179–1189. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GB005097

CBE

Rumyantseva A, Lucas N, Rippeth TP, Henson S, Martin A, Painter S. 2015. Ocean nutrient pathways associated with passage of a storm. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 28(8):1179–1189. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GB005097

MLA

Rumyantseva, A. et al. "Ocean nutrient pathways associated with passage of a storm". Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2015, 28(8). 1179–1189. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GB005097

VancouverVancouver

Rumyantseva A, Lucas N, Rippeth TP, Henson S, Martin A, Painter S. Ocean nutrient pathways associated with passage of a storm. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2015 Jul 16;28(8):1179–1189. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GB005097

Author

Rumyantseva, A. ; Lucas, N. ; Rippeth, T.P. ; Henson, S. ; Martin, A. ; Painter, S. / Ocean nutrient pathways associated with passage of a storm. In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2015 ; Vol. 28, No. 8. pp. 1179–1189.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ocean nutrient pathways associated with passage of a storm

AU - Rumyantseva, A.

AU - Lucas, N.

AU - Rippeth, T.P.

AU - Henson, S.

AU - Martin, A.

AU - Painter, S.

PY - 2015/7/16

Y1 - 2015/7/16

N2 - Storms that affect ocean surface layer dynamics and primary production are a frequent occurrence in the open North Atlantic Ocean. In this study we use an interdisciplinary data set collected in the region to quantify nutrient supply by two pathways associated with a storm event: entrainment of nutrients during a period of high wind forcing and subsequent shear spiking at the pycnocline due to interactions of storm-generated inertial currents with wind. The poststorm increase in surface layer nitrate (by ~20 mmol m−2) was predominantly driven by the first pathway: nutrient intrusion during the storm. Alignment of poststorm inertial currents and surface wind stress caused shear instabilities at the ocean pycnocline, forming the second pathway for nutrient transport into the euphotic zone. During the alignment period, pulses of high-turbulence nitrate flux through the pycnocline (up to 1 mmol m−2 d−1; approximately 25 times higher than the background flux) were detected. However, the impact of the poststorm supply was an order of magnitude lower than during the storm due to the short duration of the pulses. Cumulatively, the storm passage was equivalent to 2.5–5% of the nitrate supplied by winter convection and had a significant effect compared to previously reported (sub)mesoscale dynamics in the region. As storms occur frequently, they can form an important component in local nutrient budgets.

AB - Storms that affect ocean surface layer dynamics and primary production are a frequent occurrence in the open North Atlantic Ocean. In this study we use an interdisciplinary data set collected in the region to quantify nutrient supply by two pathways associated with a storm event: entrainment of nutrients during a period of high wind forcing and subsequent shear spiking at the pycnocline due to interactions of storm-generated inertial currents with wind. The poststorm increase in surface layer nitrate (by ~20 mmol m−2) was predominantly driven by the first pathway: nutrient intrusion during the storm. Alignment of poststorm inertial currents and surface wind stress caused shear instabilities at the ocean pycnocline, forming the second pathway for nutrient transport into the euphotic zone. During the alignment period, pulses of high-turbulence nitrate flux through the pycnocline (up to 1 mmol m−2 d−1; approximately 25 times higher than the background flux) were detected. However, the impact of the poststorm supply was an order of magnitude lower than during the storm due to the short duration of the pulses. Cumulatively, the storm passage was equivalent to 2.5–5% of the nitrate supplied by winter convection and had a significant effect compared to previously reported (sub)mesoscale dynamics in the region. As storms occur frequently, they can form an important component in local nutrient budgets.

U2 - 10.1002/2015GB005097

DO - 10.1002/2015GB005097

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 1179

EP - 1189

JO - Global Biogeochemical Cycles

JF - Global Biogeochemical Cycles

SN - 0886-6236

IS - 8

ER -