On the M4.0 forecasting competition: Can you tell a 4.0 earthquake from a 3.0?

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  • 2019 M4.0 forecasting competition

    Accepted author manuscript, 380 KB, PDF-document

    Embargo ends: 4/03/99

    Licence: CC BY-NC-ND Show licence

Twenty years on from the publication of the results of the well-celebrated M3 competition, and right about the time we got used to the idea that there will be no more M-type competitions, the M4 competition came in 2019. A 4.0 earthquake is 10 times ‘stronger’ than a 3.0, and that was what M4.0 was aspiring to; mission accomplished?


  • M4 competition, Hybrid Method, Combination, Benchmark, Intermittence
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Forecasting
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 4 Mar 2019
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