Electronic versions



  • Vasil Stoichkov
  • J. Troughton
    Swansea University
  • F. de Rossi
    Swansea University
  • T. M. Watson
    Swansea University
  • Jeffrey Kettle
The outdoor performance monitoring of two types of perovskite solar cell (PSC) mini-modules based on two different absorbers - CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPI) and Cs0.05FA0.83MA0.17PbI(0.87Br0.13)3 (FMC) is reported. PSC modules displayed markedly different outdoor performance characteristics to other PV technologies owing to the reversible diurnal changes in efficiency, difference in temperature coefficient between absorber layers and response under low light conditions. Examination of diurnal performance parameters on a sunny day showed that whereas the FMC modules maintained their efficiency throughout the day, the MAPI modules peaked in performance during the morning and afternoon, with a strong decrease around midday. Overall, the MAPI modules showed a strongly negative temperature coefficient (TC) for PCE, whereas the FMC modules showed a moderate positive temperature coefficient performance as a function of temperature due to the increase in JSC and FF. Outdoor monitoring of the MAPI modules over several days highlighted that the reduced over the course of the day but recovered overnight. In contrast the FMC modules improved slightly during the daytime although this was too reversed overnight. This paper provides insight into how PSC modules perform under real-life conditions and consider some of the unique characteristics that are observed in this solar cell technology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-556
JournalSolar Energy
Early online date6 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018
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