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  • Christian Edwards
    Institute of Sports & Exercise Science, University of Worcester, Worcester
  • Daniel Tod
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University
  • Gyozo Molnar
    Institute of Sports & Exercise Science, University of Worcester, Worcester
  • David Markland
We examine the relationships that internalization, need thwarting (NT), and drive for muscularity (DFM), along with their interactions, had with weightlifting, muscle dissatisfaction (MD), and muscle-related-worry (MRW). A sample of 552 men (MAGE = 20.5 years, SD = 3.1) completed the Psychological Need Thwarting Scale, the Internalization subscale of the male version of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire, the Drive for Muscularity Scale-Attitudes subscale, the Male Body Attitudes Scale-Muscularity subscale, the Body Change Inventory-Worry subscale, and an inventory assessing weightlifting behavior. DFM significantly predicted weightlifting, MRW, and MD. Internalization significantly predicted weightlifting and MRW. NT significantly predicted weightlifting and MD, and its relationship with MRW approached significance. The interaction terms did not predict weightlifting or MRW. The NT/DFM and NT/Internalization interaction terms predicted MD. These results highlight the role of NT in predicting appearance variables in men.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-112
JournalBody Image
Issue numberSeptember
Early online date25 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016

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