Principles and patterns of bat movements: From aerodynamics to ecology

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  • Christian C. Voigt
    Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research
  • Winfred Frick
    Bat Conservation International
  • Richard Holland
  • Marc Holdereid
    Bristol University
  • Gerald Kerth
    University of Greifswald
  • Marco Mello
    Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Rania Plowright
    Montana State University
  • Sharon Swartz
    Brown University
  • Yossi Yovel
    University of Tel Aviv, Istael
Movement ecology as an integrative discipline has advanced associated fields because it presents not only a conceptual framework for understanding movement principles but also helps formulate predictions about the consequences of movements for animals and their environments. Here, we synthesize recent studies on principles and patterns of bat movements in context of the movement ecology paradigm. The motion capacity of bats is defined by their highly articulated, flexible wings. Power production during flight follows a U-shaped curve in relation to speed in bats yet, in contrast to birds, bats use mostly exogenous nutrients for sustained flight. The navigation capacity of most bats is dominated by the echolocation system, yet other sensory modalities, including an iron-based magnetic sense, may contribute to navigation depending on a bat’s familiarity with the terrain. Patterns derived from these capacities relate to antagonistic and mutualistic interactions with food items. The navigation capacity of bats may influence their sociality, in particular, the extent of group foraging based on eavesdropping on conspecifics’ echolocation calls. We infer that understanding the movement ecology of bats within the framework of the movement ecology paradigm provides new insights into ecological processes mediated by bats, from ecosystem services to diseases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-287
Number of pages20
JournalQuarterly Review of Biology
Volume92
Issue number3
Early online date28 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017
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