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The fusiform face area is not sufficient for face recognition : evidence from a patient with dense prosopagnosia and no occipital face area. / Steeves, Jennifer K E; Culham, Jody C; Duchaine, Bradley C; Pratesi, Cristiana Cavina; Valyear, Kenneth F; Schindler, Igor; Humphrey, G Keith; Milner, A David; Goodale, Melvyn A.

In: Neuropsychologia, Vol. 44, No. 4, 01.04.2006, p. 594-609.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HarvardHarvard

Steeves, JKE, Culham, JC, Duchaine, BC, Pratesi, CC, Valyear, KF, Schindler, I, Humphrey, GK, Milner, AD & Goodale, MA 2006, 'The fusiform face area is not sufficient for face recognition: evidence from a patient with dense prosopagnosia and no occipital face area', Neuropsychologia, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 594-609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2005.06.013

APA

Steeves, J. K. E., Culham, J. C., Duchaine, B. C., Pratesi, C. C., Valyear, K. F., Schindler, I., ... Goodale, M. A. (2006). The fusiform face area is not sufficient for face recognition: evidence from a patient with dense prosopagnosia and no occipital face area. Neuropsychologia, 44(4), 594-609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2005.06.013

CBE

Steeves JKE, Culham JC, Duchaine BC, Pratesi CC, Valyear KF, Schindler I, Humphrey GK, Milner AD, Goodale MA. 2006. The fusiform face area is not sufficient for face recognition: evidence from a patient with dense prosopagnosia and no occipital face area. Neuropsychologia. 44(4):594-609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2005.06.013

MLA

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Author

Steeves, Jennifer K E ; Culham, Jody C ; Duchaine, Bradley C ; Pratesi, Cristiana Cavina ; Valyear, Kenneth F ; Schindler, Igor ; Humphrey, G Keith ; Milner, A David ; Goodale, Melvyn A. / The fusiform face area is not sufficient for face recognition : evidence from a patient with dense prosopagnosia and no occipital face area. In: Neuropsychologia. 2006 ; Vol. 44, No. 4. pp. 594-609.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The fusiform face area is not sufficient for face recognition

T2 - evidence from a patient with dense prosopagnosia and no occipital face area

AU - Steeves, Jennifer K E

AU - Culham, Jody C

AU - Duchaine, Bradley C

AU - Pratesi, Cristiana Cavina

AU - Valyear, Kenneth F

AU - Schindler, Igor

AU - Humphrey, G Keith

AU - Milner, A David

AU - Goodale, Melvyn A

PY - 2006/4/1

Y1 - 2006/4/1

N2 - We tested functional activation for faces in patient D.F., who following acquired brain damage has a profound deficit in object recognition based on form (visual form agnosia) and also prosopagnosia that is undocumented to date. Functional imaging demonstrated that like our control observers, D.F. shows significantly more activation when passively viewing face compared to scene images in an area that is consistent with the fusiform face area (FFA) (p < 0.01). Control observers also show occipital face area (OFA) activation; however, whereas D.F.'s lesions appear to overlap the OFA bilaterally. We asked, given that D.F. shows FFA activation for faces, to what extent is she able to recognize faces? D.F. demonstrated a severe impairment in higher level face processing--she could not recognize face identity, gender or emotional expression. In contrast, she performed relatively normally on many face categorization tasks. D.F. can differentiate faces from non-faces given sufficient texture information and processing time, and she can do this is independent of color and illumination information. D.F. can use configural information for categorizing faces when they are presented in an upright but not a sideways orientation and given that she also cannot discriminate half-faces she may rely on a spatially symmetric feature arrangement. Faces appear to be a unique category, which she can classify even when she has no advance knowledge that she will be shown face images. Together, these imaging and behavioral data support the importance of the integrity of a complex network of regions for face identification, including more than just the FFA--in particular the OFA, a region believed to be associated with low-level processing.

AB - We tested functional activation for faces in patient D.F., who following acquired brain damage has a profound deficit in object recognition based on form (visual form agnosia) and also prosopagnosia that is undocumented to date. Functional imaging demonstrated that like our control observers, D.F. shows significantly more activation when passively viewing face compared to scene images in an area that is consistent with the fusiform face area (FFA) (p < 0.01). Control observers also show occipital face area (OFA) activation; however, whereas D.F.'s lesions appear to overlap the OFA bilaterally. We asked, given that D.F. shows FFA activation for faces, to what extent is she able to recognize faces? D.F. demonstrated a severe impairment in higher level face processing--she could not recognize face identity, gender or emotional expression. In contrast, she performed relatively normally on many face categorization tasks. D.F. can differentiate faces from non-faces given sufficient texture information and processing time, and she can do this is independent of color and illumination information. D.F. can use configural information for categorizing faces when they are presented in an upright but not a sideways orientation and given that she also cannot discriminate half-faces she may rely on a spatially symmetric feature arrangement. Faces appear to be a unique category, which she can classify even when she has no advance knowledge that she will be shown face images. Together, these imaging and behavioral data support the importance of the integrity of a complex network of regions for face identification, including more than just the FFA--in particular the OFA, a region believed to be associated with low-level processing.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Brain Damage, Chronic

KW - Brain Mapping

KW - Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

KW - Dominance, Cerebral

KW - Face

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Image Processing, Computer-Assisted

KW - Imaging, Three-Dimensional

KW - Magnetic Resonance Imaging

KW - Male

KW - Mental Recall

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Occipital Lobe

KW - Orientation

KW - Pattern Recognition, Visual

KW - Prosopagnosia

KW - Reference Values

KW - Case Reports

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2005.06.013

DO - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2005.06.013

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 594

EP - 609

JO - Neuropsychologia

JF - Neuropsychologia

SN - 0028-3932

IS - 4

ER -