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The measurement of pH in saline and hypersaline media at sub-zero temperatures: Characterization of Tris buffers. / Papadimitriou, Efstathios; Loucaides, Socratis; Rerolle, Victoire; Achtberberg, Eric P.; Dickson, Andrew G.; Moowlem, Matthew; Kennedy, Hilary.

In: Marine Chemistry, Vol. 184, No. August, 20.08.2016, p. 11-20.

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HarvardHarvard

Papadimitriou, E, Loucaides, S, Rerolle, V, Achtberberg, EP, Dickson, AG, Moowlem, M & Kennedy, H 2016, 'The measurement of pH in saline and hypersaline media at sub-zero temperatures: Characterization of Tris buffers', Marine Chemistry, vol. 184, no. August, pp. 11-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2016.06.002

APA

Papadimitriou, E., Loucaides, S., Rerolle, V., Achtberberg, E. P., Dickson, A. G., Moowlem, M., & Kennedy, H. (2016). The measurement of pH in saline and hypersaline media at sub-zero temperatures: Characterization of Tris buffers. Marine Chemistry, 184(August), 11-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2016.06.002

CBE

Papadimitriou E, Loucaides S, Rerolle V, Achtberberg EP, Dickson AG, Moowlem M, Kennedy H. 2016. The measurement of pH in saline and hypersaline media at sub-zero temperatures: Characterization of Tris buffers. Marine Chemistry. 184(August):11-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2016.06.002

MLA

VancouverVancouver

Papadimitriou E, Loucaides S, Rerolle V, Achtberberg EP, Dickson AG, Moowlem M et al. The measurement of pH in saline and hypersaline media at sub-zero temperatures: Characterization of Tris buffers. Marine Chemistry. 2016 Aug 20;184(August):11-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2016.06.002

Author

Papadimitriou, Efstathios ; Loucaides, Socratis ; Rerolle, Victoire ; Achtberberg, Eric P. ; Dickson, Andrew G. ; Moowlem, Matthew ; Kennedy, Hilary. / The measurement of pH in saline and hypersaline media at sub-zero temperatures: Characterization of Tris buffers. In: Marine Chemistry. 2016 ; Vol. 184, No. August. pp. 11-20.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The measurement of pH in saline and hypersaline media at sub-zero temperatures:

T2 - Characterization of Tris buffers

AU - Papadimitriou, Efstathios

AU - Loucaides, Socratis

AU - Rerolle, Victoire

AU - Achtberberg, Eric P.

AU - Dickson, Andrew G.

AU - Moowlem, Matthew

AU - Kennedy, Hilary

N1 - NERC grant NE/J011096/1

PY - 2016/8/20

Y1 - 2016/8/20

N2 - The pH on the total proton scale of the Tris-HCl buffer system (pHTris) was characterized rigorously with the electrochemical Harned cell in salinity (S) 35 synthetic seawater and S = 45–100 synthetic seawater-derived brines at 25 and 0 °C, as well as at the freezing point of the synthetic solutions (−1.93 °C at S = 35 to −6 °C at S = 100). The electrochemical characterization of the common equimolal Tris buffer [RTris = mTris/mTris‐H+ = 1.0, with mTris = mTris‐H+ = 0.04 mol kgH2O‐1 = molality of the conjugate acid-base pair of 2-amino-2-hydroxymethyl-1,3-propanediol (Tris)] yielded pHTris values which increased with increasing salinity and decreasing temperature. The electrochemical characterization of a non-equimolal Tris buffer variant (RTris = 0.5, with mTris = 0.02 mol kgH2O‐1 and mTris−H+ = 0.04 mol kgH2O‐1) yielded pHTris values that were consistently less alkaline by 0.3 pH unit than those of the equimolal Tris buffer. This is in agreement with the values derived from the stoichiometric equilibrium of the Tris-H+ dissociation reaction, described by the Henderson – Hasselbalch equation, pHTris = pKTris⁎ + logRTris, with pKTris⁎ = stoichiometric equilibrium dissociation constant of Tris-H+, equivalent to equimolal pHTris. This consistency allows reliable use of other RTris variants of the Tris-HCl buffer system within the experimental conditions reported here. The results of this study will facilitate the pH measurement in saline and hypersaline systems at below-zero temperatures, such as sea ice brines.

AB - The pH on the total proton scale of the Tris-HCl buffer system (pHTris) was characterized rigorously with the electrochemical Harned cell in salinity (S) 35 synthetic seawater and S = 45–100 synthetic seawater-derived brines at 25 and 0 °C, as well as at the freezing point of the synthetic solutions (−1.93 °C at S = 35 to −6 °C at S = 100). The electrochemical characterization of the common equimolal Tris buffer [RTris = mTris/mTris‐H+ = 1.0, with mTris = mTris‐H+ = 0.04 mol kgH2O‐1 = molality of the conjugate acid-base pair of 2-amino-2-hydroxymethyl-1,3-propanediol (Tris)] yielded pHTris values which increased with increasing salinity and decreasing temperature. The electrochemical characterization of a non-equimolal Tris buffer variant (RTris = 0.5, with mTris = 0.02 mol kgH2O‐1 and mTris−H+ = 0.04 mol kgH2O‐1) yielded pHTris values that were consistently less alkaline by 0.3 pH unit than those of the equimolal Tris buffer. This is in agreement with the values derived from the stoichiometric equilibrium of the Tris-H+ dissociation reaction, described by the Henderson – Hasselbalch equation, pHTris = pKTris⁎ + logRTris, with pKTris⁎ = stoichiometric equilibrium dissociation constant of Tris-H+, equivalent to equimolal pHTris. This consistency allows reliable use of other RTris variants of the Tris-HCl buffer system within the experimental conditions reported here. The results of this study will facilitate the pH measurement in saline and hypersaline systems at below-zero temperatures, such as sea ice brines.

U2 - 10.1016/j.marchem.2016.06.002

DO - 10.1016/j.marchem.2016.06.002

M3 - Article

VL - 184

SP - 11

EP - 20

JO - Marine Chemistry

JF - Marine Chemistry

SN - 0304-4203

IS - August

ER -