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In situ gamma spectrometry is a powerful method of assessing radioactive contamination in soil. The most widely adopted calibration methodology relates the overall sensitivity of the detector system to the product of three calibration factors: (a) the flux at the detector per unit activity in the ground phi/S(A), (b) the detected count-rate per unit flux incident normally at the detector N0/phi and (c) a correction factor to take into account the angular non-uniformity in response of the detector (Nf/N0). The dependence of the latter factor on the activity distribution with soil depth is generally neglected despite the lack of published evidence to support this. By (i) modelling and (ii) use of published experimental profiles, this work examines the range of Nf/N0 values likely to be encountered in the field. It was found that the use of a fixed angular correction factor is justified given that the maximum errors in the derived activity concentration do not exceed 5% and are far outweighed by other uncertainties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Radiological Protection
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998
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