Thermophysical and anion diffusion properties of (U x ,Th1-x )O2.

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Thermophysical and anion diffusion properties of (U x ,Th1-x )O2. / Cooper, Michael W D; Murphy, Samuel T; Fossati, Paul C M; Rushton, Michael J D; Grimes, Robin W.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society A , Vol. 470, No. 2171, 11.2014, p. 20140427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HarvardHarvard

Cooper, MWD, Murphy, ST, Fossati, PCM, Rushton, MJD & Grimes, RW 2014, 'Thermophysical and anion diffusion properties of (U x ,Th1-x )O2.', Proceedings of the Royal Society A , vol. 470, no. 2171, pp. 20140427. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2014.0427

APA

Cooper, M. W. D., Murphy, S. T., Fossati, P. C. M., Rushton, M. J. D., & Grimes, R. W. (2014). Thermophysical and anion diffusion properties of (U x ,Th1-x )O2. Proceedings of the Royal Society A , 470(2171), 20140427. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2014.0427

CBE

Cooper MWD, Murphy ST, Fossati PCM, Rushton MJD, Grimes RW. 2014. Thermophysical and anion diffusion properties of (U x ,Th1-x )O2. Proceedings of the Royal Society A . 470(2171):20140427. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2014.0427

MLA

Cooper, Michael W D et al. "Thermophysical and anion diffusion properties of (U x ,Th1-x )O2.". Proceedings of the Royal Society A . 2014, 470(2171). 20140427. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2014.0427

VancouverVancouver

Cooper MWD, Murphy ST, Fossati PCM, Rushton MJD, Grimes RW. Thermophysical and anion diffusion properties of (U x ,Th1-x )O2. Proceedings of the Royal Society A . 2014 Nov;470(2171):20140427. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2014.0427

Author

Cooper, Michael W D ; Murphy, Samuel T ; Fossati, Paul C M ; Rushton, Michael J D ; Grimes, Robin W. / Thermophysical and anion diffusion properties of (U x ,Th1-x )O2. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society A . 2014 ; Vol. 470, No. 2171. pp. 20140427.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermophysical and anion diffusion properties of (U x ,Th1-x )O2.

AU - Cooper, Michael W D

AU - Murphy, Samuel T

AU - Fossati, Paul C M

AU - Rushton, Michael J D

AU - Grimes, Robin W

PY - 2014/11

Y1 - 2014/11

N2 - Using molecular dynamics, the thermophysical properties of the (U x ,Th1-x )O2 system have been investigated between 300 and 3600 K. The thermal dependence of lattice parameter, linear thermal expansion coefficient, enthalpy and specific heat at constant pressure is explained in terms of defect formation and diffusivity on the oxygen sublattice. Vegard's law is approximately observed for solid solution thermal expansion below 2000 K. Different deviations from Vegard's law above this temperature occur owing to the different temperatures at which the solid solutions undergo the superionic transition (2500-3300 K). Similarly, a spike in the specific heat, associated with the superionic transition, occurs at lower temperatures in solid solutions that have a high U content. Correspondingly, oxygen diffusivity is higher in pure UO2 than in pure ThO2. Furthermore, at temperatures below the superionic transition, oxygen mobility is notably higher in solid solutions than in the end members. Enhanced diffusivity is promoted by lower oxygen-defect enthalpies in (U x ,Th1-x )O2 solid solutions. Unlike in UO2 and ThO2, there is considerable variety of oxygen vacancy and oxygen interstitial sites in solid solutions generating a wide range of property values. Trends in the defect enthalpies are discussed in terms of composition and the lattice parameter of (U x ,Th1-x )O2.

AB - Using molecular dynamics, the thermophysical properties of the (U x ,Th1-x )O2 system have been investigated between 300 and 3600 K. The thermal dependence of lattice parameter, linear thermal expansion coefficient, enthalpy and specific heat at constant pressure is explained in terms of defect formation and diffusivity on the oxygen sublattice. Vegard's law is approximately observed for solid solution thermal expansion below 2000 K. Different deviations from Vegard's law above this temperature occur owing to the different temperatures at which the solid solutions undergo the superionic transition (2500-3300 K). Similarly, a spike in the specific heat, associated with the superionic transition, occurs at lower temperatures in solid solutions that have a high U content. Correspondingly, oxygen diffusivity is higher in pure UO2 than in pure ThO2. Furthermore, at temperatures below the superionic transition, oxygen mobility is notably higher in solid solutions than in the end members. Enhanced diffusivity is promoted by lower oxygen-defect enthalpies in (U x ,Th1-x )O2 solid solutions. Unlike in UO2 and ThO2, there is considerable variety of oxygen vacancy and oxygen interstitial sites in solid solutions generating a wide range of property values. Trends in the defect enthalpies are discussed in terms of composition and the lattice parameter of (U x ,Th1-x )O2.

KW - anion diffusion

KW - bulk modulus

KW - nuclear fuel

KW - specific heat

KW - thermal expansion

KW - uranium dioxide

U2 - 10.1098/rspa.2014.0427

DO - 10.1098/rspa.2014.0427

M3 - Article

VL - 470

SP - 20140427

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

SN - 1364-5021

IS - 2171

ER -