Thermophysical properties and oxygen transport in the (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2 lattice

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Thermophysical properties and oxygen transport in the (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2 lattice. / Cooper, M. W. D.; Murphy, S. T.; Rushton, M. J. D.; Grimes, R. W.

In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 461, 01.06.2015, p. 206-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Cooper, MWD, Murphy, ST, Rushton, MJD & Grimes, RW 2015, 'Thermophysical properties and oxygen transport in the (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2 lattice', Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 461, pp. 206-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.03.024

APA

Cooper, M. W. D., Murphy, S. T., Rushton, M. J. D., & Grimes, R. W. (2015). Thermophysical properties and oxygen transport in the (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2 lattice. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 461, 206-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.03.024

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MLA

VancouverVancouver

Cooper MWD, Murphy ST, Rushton MJD, Grimes RW. Thermophysical properties and oxygen transport in the (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2 lattice. Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2015 Jun 1;461:206-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.03.024

Author

Cooper, M. W. D. ; Murphy, S. T. ; Rushton, M. J. D. ; Grimes, R. W. / Thermophysical properties and oxygen transport in the (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2 lattice. In: Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2015 ; Vol. 461. pp. 206-214.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermophysical properties and oxygen transport in the (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2 lattice

AU - Cooper, M. W. D.

AU - Murphy, S. T.

AU - Rushton, M. J. D.

AU - Grimes, R. W.

PY - 2015/6/1

Y1 - 2015/6/1

N2 - Using molecular dynamics, the thermophysical properties of the (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2 system have been investigated between 300 and 3200 K. The variation with temperature of lattice parameter, linear thermal expansion coefficient, enthalpy and specific heat at constant pressure, are explained in terms of defect formation and diffusivity on the oxygen sublattice. Vegard's Law is approximately observed for the thermal expansion of the solid solutions below 2000 K. Deviation from Vegard's Law above this temperature occurs due to the different superionic transition temperatures of the solid solutions (2200-2900 K). Similarly, a spike in the specific heat, associated with the superionic transition, occurs at lower temperatures in solid solutions that have a high Pu content. While oxygen diffusivity is higher in pure PuO2 than in pure UO2, lower oxygen defect enthalpies in (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2 solid solutions cause higher oxygen mobility than would be expected by interpolation between the diffusivities of the end members. In comparison to UO2 and PuO2 there is considerable variety of oxygen vacancy and oxygen interstitial sites in solid solutions generating a wide range of property values. Trends in the defect enthalpies are discussed in terms of composition and the lattice parameter of (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2. Comparison is made with previous work on (U-x,Th1-x)O-2. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Using molecular dynamics, the thermophysical properties of the (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2 system have been investigated between 300 and 3200 K. The variation with temperature of lattice parameter, linear thermal expansion coefficient, enthalpy and specific heat at constant pressure, are explained in terms of defect formation and diffusivity on the oxygen sublattice. Vegard's Law is approximately observed for the thermal expansion of the solid solutions below 2000 K. Deviation from Vegard's Law above this temperature occurs due to the different superionic transition temperatures of the solid solutions (2200-2900 K). Similarly, a spike in the specific heat, associated with the superionic transition, occurs at lower temperatures in solid solutions that have a high Pu content. While oxygen diffusivity is higher in pure PuO2 than in pure UO2, lower oxygen defect enthalpies in (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2 solid solutions cause higher oxygen mobility than would be expected by interpolation between the diffusivities of the end members. In comparison to UO2 and PuO2 there is considerable variety of oxygen vacancy and oxygen interstitial sites in solid solutions generating a wide range of property values. Trends in the defect enthalpies are discussed in terms of composition and the lattice parameter of (U-x,Pu1-x)O-2. Comparison is made with previous work on (U-x,Th1-x)O-2. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.03.024

DO - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.03.024

M3 - Erthygl

VL - 461

SP - 206

EP - 214

JO - Journal of Nuclear Materials

JF - Journal of Nuclear Materials

SN - 0022-3115

ER -