To me, to you: How you say things matters for endurance performance

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To me, to you: How you say things matters for endurance performance. / Hardy, James; Thomas, Aled V.; Blanchfield, Anthony W.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 37, No. 18, 17.09.2019, p. 2122-2130.

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Hardy, James ; Thomas, Aled V. ; Blanchfield, Anthony W. / To me, to you: How you say things matters for endurance performance. In: Journal of Sports Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 37, No. 18. pp. 2122-2130.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - To me, to you: How you say things matters for endurance performance

AU - Hardy, James

AU - Thomas, Aled V.

AU - Blanchfield, Anthony W.

N1 - This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Science on 28.05.2019, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2019.1622240

PY - 2019/9/17

Y1 - 2019/9/17

N2 - Self-talk enhances physical performance. Nothing is known however about the way that a subtle grammatical difference in self-talk, using first or second person pronouns, may effect performance. As second person self-talk supports self-regulation in non-exercise populations, we hypothesized that 10 km cycling time-trial performance would be superior following second versus first person self-talk. Using a randomized, counterbalanced, crossover design, sixteen physically active males (Mage = 21.99, SD = 3.04 years) completed a familiarization visit followed by a 10 km time-trial during two separate experimental visits using first and second person self-talk. A paired t-test revealed that second person self-talk generated significantly faster time-trial performance than first person self-talk (p = .014). This was reflected in a significantly greater power output throughout the time-trial when using second person self-talk (p = .03), despite RPE remaining similar between conditions (p = .75). This is the first evidence that strategically using grammatical pronouns when implementing self-talk can influence physical performance providing practitioners with a new aspect to consider when developing interventions. We discussed findings in the context of a self-distancing phenomenon induced by the use second person pronouns.

AB - Self-talk enhances physical performance. Nothing is known however about the way that a subtle grammatical difference in self-talk, using first or second person pronouns, may effect performance. As second person self-talk supports self-regulation in non-exercise populations, we hypothesized that 10 km cycling time-trial performance would be superior following second versus first person self-talk. Using a randomized, counterbalanced, crossover design, sixteen physically active males (Mage = 21.99, SD = 3.04 years) completed a familiarization visit followed by a 10 km time-trial during two separate experimental visits using first and second person self-talk. A paired t-test revealed that second person self-talk generated significantly faster time-trial performance than first person self-talk (p = .014). This was reflected in a significantly greater power output throughout the time-trial when using second person self-talk (p = .03), despite RPE remaining similar between conditions (p = .75). This is the first evidence that strategically using grammatical pronouns when implementing self-talk can influence physical performance providing practitioners with a new aspect to consider when developing interventions. We discussed findings in the context of a self-distancing phenomenon induced by the use second person pronouns.

KW - RPE

KW - Self-talk

KW - grammatical pronouns

KW - power output

KW - psychological strategy

KW - time-trial

U2 - 10.1080/02640414.2019.1622240

DO - 10.1080/02640414.2019.1622240

M3 - Article

VL - 37

SP - 2122

EP - 2130

JO - Journal of Sports Sciences

JF - Journal of Sports Sciences

SN - 0264-0414

IS - 18

ER -