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Procedural animation systems are capable of synthesising life-like organic motion automatically. However, due to extensive parameterisation, tuning these systems can be very difficult. Not only are there potentially hundreds of interlinked parameters, the resultant animation can be very subjective and the process is difficult to automate effectively. In this paper, we describe a crowd-sourced approach to procedural animation parameter optimisation using genetic algorithms. We test our approach by asking users to interactively rate a population of virtual dolphins to a prescribed behavioural criterion. Our results show that within a few generations a group of users can successfully tune the system towards a desired behaviour. Our secondary motivation is to investigate whether there are differences in animation and behavioural preference between observations made using a standard desktop monitor and those made in virtual reality (VR). We describe a study where users tuned two sets of dolphin animation systems in parallel, one using a normal monitor and another using an Oculus Rift. Our results indicate that being immersed in VR leads to some key differences in preferred behaviour.


  • Procedural Animation, Evolutionary Algorithms, Graphics, Real-time, VR, Virtual Reality
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1255-1268
Number of pages13
JournalThe Visual Computer
Issue number9
Early online date24 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

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