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  • 2020 Vitamin D

    Accepted author manuscript, 961 KB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 10/05/21

  • 2020 Vitamin D

    Final published version, 1.26 MB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY Show licence

DOI

PURPOSE: To determine serum 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH) 2D relationship with hepatitis B vaccination (study 1). Then, to investigate the effects on hepatitis B vaccination of achieving vitamin D sufficiency (serum 25(OH)D ≥ 50 nmol/L) by a unique comparison of simulated sunlight and oral vitamin D 3 supplementation in wintertime (study 2).

METHODS: Study 1 involved 447 adults. In study 2, 3 days after the initial hepatitis B vaccination, 119 men received either placebo, simulated sunlight (1.3 × standard-erythema dose, 3 × /week for 4 weeks and then 1 × /week for 8 weeks) or oral vitamin D 3 (1000 IU/day for 4 weeks and 400 IU/day for 8 weeks). We measured hepatitis B vaccination efficacy as percentage of responders with anti-hepatitis B surface antigen immunoglobulin G ≥ 10 mIU/mL.

RESULTS: In study 1, vaccine response was poorer in persons with low vitamin D status (25(OH)D ≤ 40 vs 41-71 nmol/L mean difference [95% confidence interval] - 15% [- 26, - 3%]; 1,25(OH) 2D ≤ 120 vs ≥ 157 pmol/L - 12% [- 24%, - 1%]). Vaccine response was also poorer in winter than summer (- 18% [- 31%, - 3%]), when serum 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH) 2D were at seasonal nadirs, and 81% of persons had serum 25(OH)D < 50 nmol/L. In study 2, vitamin D supplementation strategies were similarly effective in achieving vitamin D sufficiency from the winter vitamin D nadir in almost all (~ 95%); however, the supplementation beginning 3 days after the initial vaccination did not effect the vaccine response (vitamin D vs placebo 4% [- 21%, 14%]).

CONCLUSION: Low vitamin D status at initial vaccination was associated with poorer hepatitis B vaccine response (study 1); however, vitamin D supplementation commencing 3 days after vaccination (study 2) did not influence the vaccination response.

Keywords

  • 25-Hydroxyvitamin D, Cholecalciferol, Hepatitis B, UVB, Vaccination, Vitamin D
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-491
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume60
Issue number1
Early online date10 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

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