Late Pleistocene evolution of tides and tidal dissipation

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

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Dangosydd eitem ddigidol (DOI)

Studies of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; 26.5–19 ka) tides showed strong enhancements in open ocean tidal amplitudes and dissipation rates; however, changes prior to the LGM remain largely unexplored. Using two different ice sheet and sea level reconstructions, we explicitly simulate the evolution of the leading semi-diurnal and diurnal tidal constituents (M2, S2, K1, and O1) over the last glacial cycle with a global tide model. Both sets of simulations show that global changes, dominated by the Atlantic, take place for the semi-diurnal constituents, while changes for the diurnal constituents are mainly regional. Irrespective of the reconstruction, open ocean dissipation peaks during the sea level lowstands of MIS 2 (∼20 ka) and MIS 4 (∼60 ka), although dissipation values prior to MIS 2 are sensitive to differences in reconstructed ice sheet extent. Using the statistically significant relationship between global mean sea level and dissipation, we apply regression analysis to infer open ocean and shelf dissipation, respectively, over the last four glacial cycles back to 430 ka. Our analysis shows that open ocean tidal energy was probably increased for most of this period, peaking during glacial maxima, and returning to near-present-day values during interglacials. Due to tidal resonance during glacial phases, small changes in bathymetry could have caused large changes in tidal amplitudes and dissipation, emphasizing the need for accurate ice margin reconstructions. During glacial phases, once global mean sea level decreased by more than ∼100 m, the amount of open ocean tidal energy available for ocean mixing approximately doubled.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Rhif yr erthygle2023PA004727
CyfnodolynPaleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
Rhif y cyfnodolyn11
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 9 Tach 2023

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