QTL mapping in salad tomatoes

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QTL mapping in salad tomatoes. / Brekke, Thomas D.; Stroud, James A.; Shaw, David S.; Crawford, Simon; Steele, Katherine A.

Yn: Euphytica, Cyfrol 215, Rhif 7, 115, 07.2019.

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

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Brekke, TD, Stroud, JA, Shaw, DS, Crawford, S & Steele, KA 2019, 'QTL mapping in salad tomatoes', Euphytica, cyfrol. 215, rhif 7, 115. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-019-2440-3

APA

Brekke, T. D., Stroud, J. A., Shaw, D. S., Crawford, S., & Steele, K. A. (2019). QTL mapping in salad tomatoes. Euphytica, 215(7), [115]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-019-2440-3

CBE

Brekke TD, Stroud JA, Shaw DS, Crawford S, Steele KA. 2019. QTL mapping in salad tomatoes. Euphytica. 215(7). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-019-2440-3

MLA

VancouverVancouver

Brekke TD, Stroud JA, Shaw DS, Crawford S, Steele KA. QTL mapping in salad tomatoes. Euphytica. 2019 Jul;215(7). 115. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-019-2440-3

Author

Brekke, Thomas D. ; Stroud, James A. ; Shaw, David S. ; Crawford, Simon ; Steele, Katherine A. / QTL mapping in salad tomatoes. Yn: Euphytica. 2019 ; Cyfrol 215, Rhif 7.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - QTL mapping in salad tomatoes

AU - Brekke, Thomas D.

AU - Stroud, James A.

AU - Shaw, David S.

AU - Crawford, Simon

AU - Steele, Katherine A.

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Tomatoes are a major global food staple but Phytophthora infestans (an Oomycete) causes late-blight, a devastating disease that precludes commercial tomato production from moist temperate areas such as the United Kingdom and Northern Europe. We dissected the genetic architecture of resistance to late-blight as well as traits that improve yield and fruit quality in a tomato cross between a popular breeding, line NC 2 CELBR, which produces large fruits, and an heirloom cultivar called ‘Koralik’ which produces small, sweet fruits. We used an F2 mapping population to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for phenotypes including number of fruits, size of fruits, total crop yield, and soluble solids content in two different environments. Surprisingly, we found very few QTLs shared between the two environments, underscoring the importance of the local environment and genotype-by-environment interactions. We also assayed the virulence of three different isolates of P. infestans to identify QTLs that confer some resistance to the pathogen. We found nine crop-related QTLs and two QTLs for late-blight resistance-related phenotypes. One late-blight resistance QTL was inherited from Koralik (Chromosome 11, 70.2–83.5 cM) and it probably represents an undiscovered source of late-blight resistance. Yield QTLs were also located on chromosome 11 where Koralik alleles increase fruit number and yield, and adjacent regions decrease fruit size. On Chromosome 9, Koralik alleles increase fruit sweetness (Brix) by 25%. These results indicate that Koralik is a valuable donor parent that can be used by tomato breeders in targeted breeding strategies for fresh market tomatoes.

AB - Tomatoes are a major global food staple but Phytophthora infestans (an Oomycete) causes late-blight, a devastating disease that precludes commercial tomato production from moist temperate areas such as the United Kingdom and Northern Europe. We dissected the genetic architecture of resistance to late-blight as well as traits that improve yield and fruit quality in a tomato cross between a popular breeding, line NC 2 CELBR, which produces large fruits, and an heirloom cultivar called ‘Koralik’ which produces small, sweet fruits. We used an F2 mapping population to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for phenotypes including number of fruits, size of fruits, total crop yield, and soluble solids content in two different environments. Surprisingly, we found very few QTLs shared between the two environments, underscoring the importance of the local environment and genotype-by-environment interactions. We also assayed the virulence of three different isolates of P. infestans to identify QTLs that confer some resistance to the pathogen. We found nine crop-related QTLs and two QTLs for late-blight resistance-related phenotypes. One late-blight resistance QTL was inherited from Koralik (Chromosome 11, 70.2–83.5 cM) and it probably represents an undiscovered source of late-blight resistance. Yield QTLs were also located on chromosome 11 where Koralik alleles increase fruit number and yield, and adjacent regions decrease fruit size. On Chromosome 9, Koralik alleles increase fruit sweetness (Brix) by 25%. These results indicate that Koralik is a valuable donor parent that can be used by tomato breeders in targeted breeding strategies for fresh market tomatoes.

U2 - 10.1007/s10681-019-2440-3

DO - 10.1007/s10681-019-2440-3

M3 - Article

VL - 215

JO - Euphytica

JF - Euphytica

SN - 0014-2336

IS - 7

M1 - 115

ER -