A Meta-Analysis and Critical Review of Prospective Memory in Autism Spectrum Disorder

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  • Julia Landsiedel
    University of Kent
  • David M Williams
    University of Kent
  • Kirsten Abbot-Smith
    University of Kent

Prospective memory (PM) is the ability to remember to carry out a planned intention at an appropriate moment in the future. Research on PM in ASD has produced mixed results. We aimed to establish the extent to which two types of PM (event-based/time-based) are impaired in ASD. In part 1, a meta-analysis of all existing studies indicates a large impairment of time-based, but only a small impairment of event-based PM in ASD. In Part 2, a critical review concludes that time-based PM appears diminished in ASD, in line with the meta-analysis, but that caution should be taken when interpreting event-based PM findings, given potential methodological limitations of several studies. Clinical implications and directions for future research are discussed.


  • Autism Spectrum Disorder/psychology, Humans, Memory, Episodic, Time Factors
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)646-666
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number3
Early online date23 Jan 2017
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes
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