This research examined the relative effectiveness of instructional versus motivational self-talk
for skilled athletes. Forty Gaelic footballers completed a shooting accuracy task with their
dominant and non-dominant feet. Results indicated significantly more accurate performance
when executing the task using the dominant foot and motivational as compared to instructional
self-talk. No difference emerged between the two types of self-talk within the non-dominant foot
condition. Results challenge the widely held view that instructional self-talk is most effective for
accuracy based tasks and should prompt practitioners to consider the skill level of their clients
when constructing self-talk interventions.