Psychological skills and “the Paras”: The indirect effects of psychological skills on endurance

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  • Rosemary Arthur
    University of the West of Scotland
  • James Fitzwater
  • Ross Roberts
  • James Hardy
  • Calum Arthur
    University of Stirling
We examined the indirect effects of basic psychological skills (PS) on military endurance through 26 enhanced advanced PS, whilst controlling for fitness. British Army recruits (n = 159) participated 27 in three endurance events for Parachute Regiment selection and completed an adapted Test of 28 Performance Strategies questionnaire (Hardy et al., 2010). Following confirmatory factor analyses, 29 the multiple mediation regression analyses using PROCESS (Hayes, 2013) suggested that goal-30 setting, imagery and relaxation all had positive indirect effects on endurance via activation, with 31 goal setting also impacting on endurance via negative thinking. These data provide some support 32 for basic PS influencing endurance via advanced PS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-465
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Issue number4
Early online date13 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

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