Standard Standard

Was ist eigentlich eine „Raubgrabung“? Ein Vorschlag zu einer alternativen Lösung für das „Raubgrabungsproblem“. Karl, Raimund (Other). 2017. Vienna : Internationales Österreichisches Archäologie Forum.

Research output: Non-textual formWeb publication/site

HarvardHarvard

Karl, R, Was ist eigentlich eine „Raubgrabung“? Ein Vorschlag zu einer alternativen Lösung für das „Raubgrabungsproblem“, 2017, Web publication/site, Internationales Österreichisches Archäologie Forum, Vienna.

APA

CBE

Karl R. 2017. Was ist eigentlich eine „Raubgrabung“? Ein Vorschlag zu einer alternativen Lösung für das „Raubgrabungsproblem“. Vienna: Internationales Österreichisches Archäologie Forum. [Web publication/site].

MLA

Karl, Raimund, Was ist eigentlich eine „Raubgrabung“? Ein Vorschlag zu einer alternativen Lösung für das „Raubgrabungsproblem“, Vienna: Internationales Österreichisches Archäologie Forum, Web publication/site, 2017

VancouverVancouver

Author

RIS

TY - ADVS

T1 - Was ist eigentlich eine „Raubgrabung“?

T2 - Ein Vorschlag zu einer alternativen Lösung für das „Raubgrabungsproblem“

A2 - Karl, Raimund

PY - 2017/1/11

Y1 - 2017/1/11

N2 - The term 'Raubgrabung' ('illicit excavation') is frequently used in archaeology without having been properly defined. In its colloquial use, it is normally used for illegal excavations, while in its use within the discipline it tends to be used for excavations by members of the general public not conducted and recorded according to disciplinary minimum standards. Since its beginnings, archaeological heritage management has tried to solve the 'problem of illicit excavations' by means of laws requiring excavations to be conducted only with permission by state heritage agencies. This contribution demonstrates that this attempted solution is not just inherently problematic, but has to be considered to have failed. It does not achieve its intended goal that excavations are carried out in accordance with disciplinary standards. Instead, they divide citizens into a tiny minority which is trusted by the state to excavate properly, and a vast majority which is not trusted to be able or willing to do so.It would probably be a better alternative attempt to solve the problem of illicit excavations by establishing scaled, legally binding minimum standards for the recording and recovery of archaeological contexts and finds, applicably in all circumstances where archaeology is discovered; and a regime of sanctions for failure to meet these standards. This solution would have several significant advantages over the currently chosen one and should thus allow to reduce the archaeological damage caused by illicit excavations and other works possibly disturbing archaeology in the ground.

AB - The term 'Raubgrabung' ('illicit excavation') is frequently used in archaeology without having been properly defined. In its colloquial use, it is normally used for illegal excavations, while in its use within the discipline it tends to be used for excavations by members of the general public not conducted and recorded according to disciplinary minimum standards. Since its beginnings, archaeological heritage management has tried to solve the 'problem of illicit excavations' by means of laws requiring excavations to be conducted only with permission by state heritage agencies. This contribution demonstrates that this attempted solution is not just inherently problematic, but has to be considered to have failed. It does not achieve its intended goal that excavations are carried out in accordance with disciplinary standards. Instead, they divide citizens into a tiny minority which is trusted by the state to excavate properly, and a vast majority which is not trusted to be able or willing to do so.It would probably be a better alternative attempt to solve the problem of illicit excavations by establishing scaled, legally binding minimum standards for the recording and recovery of archaeological contexts and finds, applicably in all circumstances where archaeology is discovered; and a regime of sanctions for failure to meet these standards. This solution would have several significant advantages over the currently chosen one and should thus allow to reduce the archaeological damage caused by illicit excavations and other works possibly disturbing archaeology in the ground.

KW - ARCHAEOLOGY

KW - Heritage management

KW - heritage law

KW - Austria

KW - Germany

KW - Illicit excavations

KW - Civil rights

M3 - Safe Gwe / Cyhoeddiad Gwe

PB - Internationales Österreichisches Archäologie Forum

CY - Vienna

ER -