Archaeological heritage can be disputed, especially where it is important to religions and their practitioners. While the destruction of archaeological sites in war often due to religious fervour is frequently making the headlines, apparently lesser disputes about local heritage sites go unreported. Following on from a similar session at EAA Pilsen, this session focuses on these lesser, but much more frequent, potential conflicts between archaeological heritage management and conservation on the one hand, and practitioners of religious beliefs who use archaeological heritage in their practice on the other. By exploring case studies from Austria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Norway, Romania, Russia, Spain, Sweden and Wales, this session examines the interaction between spiritual practice and monuments conservation. This session will be of great interest to heritage professionals, archaeologists, historians, conservationists and religious practitioners alike, through its exploration of various kinds of interactions between these different heritage communities and their interests in archaeology.