Electronic versions


  • PCA 9_Karl

    Final published version, 976 KB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 26/11/20

    Licence: Unspecified

The Austrian National Heritage Agency [BDA] has long maintained that all archaeological fieldwork in Austria is only permitted with a permit according to the Austrian Monuments Protection Law. Such permits, since 1999, can only be issued to archaeology graduates, severely restricting the rights of most Austrian citizens to engage in self-determined archaeological research. Yet, the right to conduct self-determined research has been enshrined since 1923 in the Austrian Constitution, and increasingly been guaranteed by various international legal instruments. This paper demonstrates that the BDA has interpreted the law incorrectly. A proposal is also presented of how voluntary compliance with archaeological quality assurance regulations could be enhanced.


  • Public participation, Archaeology, Heritage law, Heritage management, Austria, excavation permit
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-256
JournalEuropean Journal of Postclassical Archaeologies
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2019
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