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Bioreduction of Sheep Carcasses Effectively Contains and Reduces Pathogen Levels under Operational and Simulated Breakdown Conditions. / Golyshin, P.; Gwyther, C.L.; Jones, D.L.; Golyshin, P.N.; Edwards-Jones, G.; McKillen, J.; McNair, I.; McDonald, J.E.; Williams, A.P.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 47, No. 10, 21.05.2013, p. 5267–5275.

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Golyshin, P, Gwyther, CL, Jones, DL, Golyshin, PN, Edwards-Jones, G, McKillen, J, McNair, I, McDonald, JE & Williams, AP 2013, 'Bioreduction of Sheep Carcasses Effectively Contains and Reduces Pathogen Levels under Operational and Simulated Breakdown Conditions', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 5267–5275. https://doi.org/10.1021/es400183z

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Golyshin P, Gwyther CL, Jones DL, Golyshin PN, Edwards-Jones G, McKillen J et al. Bioreduction of Sheep Carcasses Effectively Contains and Reduces Pathogen Levels under Operational and Simulated Breakdown Conditions. Environmental Science and Technology. 2013 May 21;47(10):5267–5275. https://doi.org/10.1021/es400183z

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Golyshin, P. ; Gwyther, C.L. ; Jones, D.L. ; Golyshin, P.N. ; Edwards-Jones, G. ; McKillen, J. ; McNair, I. ; McDonald, J.E. ; Williams, A.P. / Bioreduction of Sheep Carcasses Effectively Contains and Reduces Pathogen Levels under Operational and Simulated Breakdown Conditions. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2013 ; Vol. 47, No. 10. pp. 5267–5275.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bioreduction of Sheep Carcasses Effectively Contains and Reduces Pathogen Levels under Operational and Simulated Breakdown Conditions

AU - Golyshin, P.

AU - Gwyther, C.L.

AU - Jones, D.L.

AU - Golyshin, P.N.

AU - Edwards-Jones, G.

AU - McKillen, J.

AU - McNair, I.

AU - McDonald, J.E.

AU - Williams, A.P.

PY - 2013/5/21

Y1 - 2013/5/21

N2 - Options for the storage and disposal of animal carcasses are extremely limited in the EU after the introduction of the EU Animal By-products Regulations (ABPR; EC/1774/2002), leading to animosity within the livestock sector and the call for alternative methods to be validated. Novel storage technologies such as bioreduction may be approved under the ABPR provided that they can be shown to prevent pathogen proliferation. We studied the survival of Enterococcus faecalis, Salmonella spp., E. coli O157 and porcine parvovirus in bioreduction vessels containing sheep carcasses for approximately 4 months. The vessels were operated under two different scenarios: (A) where the water within was aerated and heated to 40 °C, and (B) with no aeration or heating, to simulate vessel failure. Microbial analysis verified that pathogens were contained within the bioreduction vessel and indeed reduced in numbers with time under both scenarios. This study shows that bioreduction can provide an effective and safe on-farm storage system for livestock carcasses prior to ultimate disposal. The findings support a review of the current regulatory framework so that bioreduction is considered for approval for industry use within the EU.

AB - Options for the storage and disposal of animal carcasses are extremely limited in the EU after the introduction of the EU Animal By-products Regulations (ABPR; EC/1774/2002), leading to animosity within the livestock sector and the call for alternative methods to be validated. Novel storage technologies such as bioreduction may be approved under the ABPR provided that they can be shown to prevent pathogen proliferation. We studied the survival of Enterococcus faecalis, Salmonella spp., E. coli O157 and porcine parvovirus in bioreduction vessels containing sheep carcasses for approximately 4 months. The vessels were operated under two different scenarios: (A) where the water within was aerated and heated to 40 °C, and (B) with no aeration or heating, to simulate vessel failure. Microbial analysis verified that pathogens were contained within the bioreduction vessel and indeed reduced in numbers with time under both scenarios. This study shows that bioreduction can provide an effective and safe on-farm storage system for livestock carcasses prior to ultimate disposal. The findings support a review of the current regulatory framework so that bioreduction is considered for approval for industry use within the EU.

U2 - 10.1021/es400183z

DO - 10.1021/es400183z

M3 - Article

VL - 47

SP - 5267

EP - 5275

JO - Environmental Science and Technology

T2 - Environmental Science and Technology

JF - Environmental Science and Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 10

ER -